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Council Of Ministers

·        The Union Council of Ministers exercises executive authority in the Republic of India
·        There are three categories of ministers, in descending order of rank:
                      1.        Cabinet Minister: member of cabinet; leads a ministry
                      2.        Minister of State (Independent Charges): junior minister not reporting to a cabinet minister
                      3.        Minister of State (MoS): junior minister reporting to a cabinet minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry

Points to Remember:
·        The Prime minister is the member of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. 
·        The Prime minister selects and can dismiss other members of the cabinet.
·        Cabinet minister attend meeting of the Cabinet
·        Ministers of state are not member of cabinet and they attend the Cabinet meeting if they are invited only.
·        Minister are collectively responsible to the Parliament and they are individually responsible to the President
·        A non MP can be appointed as minister but he/she can continue as Minister for more than 6 month in he/she secures a seat in either House of Parliament.

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