NOBEL PRIZE

NOBEL PRIZE
The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in a number of categories by Swedish and Norwegian committees in recognition of cultural and/or scientific advances. It was instituted by the inventor of dynamite Alfred Bernard Nobel and this award is given every year on Dec. 10 which is the death anniversary of its founder .This prize is given tothose who has made pioneering achievements in the field of Physics,Chemistry,Medicine, Peace, Literature Economics .
This award was established in 1967 and then was given only in 5 fields(Economics was not included then.). Economics Nobel Prize was instituted in 1967 and was first given in 1969.
First Nobel Prize Laureates-1901
Year
Physics
Chemistry
Physiology or Medicine
Literature
Peace
1901
Wilhelm Röntgen
Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
Emil Adolf von Behring
Sully Prudhomme
Henry Dunant;
Frédéric Passy

First Economics Nobel Prize Recipient: 1969   Ragnar Frisch; Jan Tinbergen

Nobel Lauretes 2015
Physics:
Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald
"for the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass"

Chemistry:
Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar
"for mechanistic studies of DNA repair"

Physiology or Medicine :
William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura
"for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites"
Youyou Tu
"for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria"

Literature :
Svetlana Alexievich
"for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time"

The Nobel Peace Prize :
Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet
"for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011"

Economic:
Angus Deaton
"for his analysis of consumption, poverty, and welfare"
Nobel Lauretes 2014
Physics :
Isamu Akasaki , Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura
"for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources"

Chemistry :
Eric Betzig , Stefan W. Hell and William E.Moerner
"for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy"

Physiology or Medicine :
John O'Keefe , May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser
"for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain"

Literature :
Patrick Modiano
"for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation"

The Nobel Peace Prize :
Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai
"for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education"

Economic:
Jean Tirole
"for his analysis of market power and
regulation"


List of Indian Nobel Prize Laureates
The following are Nobel laureates who were Indian citizens at the time they were awarded the prize.
Year
Laureates
Subject
Notes
1913
Rabindranath Tagore
Literature
First Non-European Laureate. As A British Indian Subject, Knighted In 1913 (Renounced In 1919 In Protest Over The Jalianwala Bagh Massacre).
1930
C. V. Raman
Physics
Knighted (As A British Indian Subject) In 1929.
1979
Mother Teresa
Peace
An Ethnic Kosovar Albanian From The Region Of Yugoslavia Now In The Republic Of Macedonia; Became A Naturalised Indian Citizen In 1948.
1998
Amartya Sen
Economics
2014
Kailash Satyarthi
Peace
Face Of The Indian Movement Bachpan Bachao Andolan Against Child Labour Since The 1990s

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