Prime Minister

·The Prime Minister of India, as addressed in the Constitution of India, is the chief of government, chief adviser to the President of India.
·He is head of the Council of Ministers and the leader of the majority party in the parliament.
·Real executive authority
·He is the ex-officio Chairman of the NITI Aayog, National Development Council, National Integration Council and Inter state Council

Qualification:
He must
·be a citizen of India.
·be a member of the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha. If the person chosen as the prime minister is neither a member of the Lok Sabha nor the Rajya Sabha at the time of selection, he or she must become a member of either of the houses within six months.
·be above 25 years of age if he or she is a member of Lok Sabha or above 30 years of age if he is a member of the Rajya Sabha.
·not hold any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State or under any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said Governments.

Points To Remember:
· Oath administered by President
· Can recommend to the President to declare emergency on grounds of war, external aggression or armed rebellion
· Advises President about President’s Rule in the State or emergency due to financial instability
· Term is Five years

· The Prime Minister of India will be drawing a monthly salary of Rs. 1.6 lakh. His basic salary is Rs 50,000
The first was Jawaharlal Nehru of the Indian National Congress party, who was sworn-in on 15 August 1947, when India gained independence from the British. Serving until his death in May 1964, Nehru remains India's longest-serving prime minister.

Articles in The Constitution Related to Prime Minister:
Article 53(1) — The executive powers of the Union shall be vested in the president and shall be exercised either directly or through subordinate officers, in accordance with the Constitution.
Article 74(1) — There shall be a Council of Ministers with the prime minister at the head to aid and advise the president who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice.
Article 75(1) —  The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.
List of Indian Prime Ministers So Far:
Name
Party (Alliance)
Term of office

1
Jawaharlal Nehru
Indian National Congress
15 Aug
1947
27 May
1964
16 years, 286 days
-
Gulzarilal Nanda
Indian National Congress
27 May
1964
9 June
1964
13 days

2
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Indian National Congress
9 June
1964
11 Jan
1966
1 year, 216 days

-
Gulzarilal Nanda
Indian National Congress
11 Jan
1966
24 Jan
1966
13 days

3
Indira Gandhi
Indian National Congress
24 Jan
1966
24 March
1977
11 years, 59 days
4
Morarji Desai
Janata Party
24 March
1977
28 July
1979
2 years, 126 days

5
Charan Singh
Janata Party (Secular)
with INC
28 July
1979
14 Jan
1980
170 days

(3)
Indira Gandhi
Indian National Congress (I)
14 Jan
1980
31 Oct
1984
4 years, 291 days

6
Rajiv Gandhi
Indian National Congress (I)
31 Oct
1984
2 Dec
1989
5 years, 32 days
7
V. P. Singh
Janata Dal
(National Front)
2 Dec
1989
10 Nov
1990
343 days

8
Chandra Shekhar 
Samajwadi Janata Party
with INC
10 Nov
1990
21 June
1991
223 days

9
P. V. Narasimha Rao
Indian National Congress (I)
21 June
1991
16 May
1996
4 years, 330 days

10
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Bharatiya Janata Party
16 May
1996
1 June
1996
13 days

11
H. D. Deve Gowda
Janata Dal
(United Front)
1 June
1996
21 Apr
1997
324 days

12
I. K. Gujral
Janata Dal
(United Front)
21 Apr
1997
19 March
1998
332 days

(10)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Bharatiya Janata Party
(NDA)
19 March
1998
22 May
2004
6 years, 64 days
13
Manmohan Singh 
Indian National Congress
(UPA)
22 May
2004
26 May
2014
10 years, 4 days
14
Narendra Modi
Bharatiya Janata Party
(NDA)
26 May
2014
Incumbent


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