The Union and its Territory

l    Article 1 of the Constitution says, “India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States”. the word ‘Union’ was preferred rather than  ‘Federation’ because of certain advantages. Union of States means that the Union of India is not a result of an agreement by the States to join in a federation and the Federation not being the result of an agreement, no state has the right to get separated from it.
l    The territory of India comprises the entire geographical territory over which the sovereignty of India, for the time being, prevails. On the other hand, the Union of India includes only those component units, i.e., the states, which share power with the Centre. The UTs are centrally administered areas governed by the President acting through an Administrator appointed by him. As on date, the territory of India consists of 29 states, 6 UTs and 1 National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT- Delhi is neither a full state nor a UT).
l    The State of Jammu and Kashmir has been given special status under article 370. which became operative on Nov.17, 1952. the separate Constitution of the State was drafted by the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir and became effective on Jan. 26, 1957.
l    The States Reorganization Act, 1956 reorganized the boundaries of different Indian States in order to meet local and linguistic demands. Interestingly, the Union Parliament can by passing a resolution in both Houses of Parliament. 1. form a new state 2. increase the area of any state 3. diminish the area of any state 4. alter the boundaries of any state 5. or alter the name of any state (Art. 4)



NEW STATES IN INDIA CREATED AFTER 1950
Andhra Pradesh
Created by the State of Andhra Pradesh Act 1953 by carving our some areas from the State of Chennai
Gujarat and Maharashtra
The State of Mumbai was divided into two States i.e. Maharashtra and Gujarat by the Mumbai (Reorganisation) Act 1960
Kerala
Created by the State Reorganisation Act, 1956. It comprised Travancor and Cochin areas
Karnataka
Created from the Princely State of Mysuru by the State Reorganisation Act, 1956. It was renamed Karnataka in 1973
Nagaland
It was carved out from the State of Asom by the State of Nagaland Act, 1952
Haryana
It was carved out from the State of Punjab by the Punjab (Reorganisation) Act, 1966
Himachal Pradesh
The Union Territory of Himachal Pradesh was elevated to the status of State by the State of Himachal Pradesh Act, 1970
Meghalaya
First carved out as a sub-State within the State of Asom by 23 Constitutional Amendment Act, 1969. Later in 1971, it received the status of a full-fledged State by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act 1971
Manipura and Tripura
Both these States were elevated from the status of Union-Territories by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act 1971
Sikkim
Sikkim was first given the Status of Associate State by the 35th Constitutional Amendment Act 1974. It got the status of a full State in 1975 by the 36th Amendment Act, 1975
Mizoram
It was elevated to the status of a full State by the State of Mizoram Act, 1986
Arunachal Pradesh
It received the status of a full state by the State of Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1896
Goa
Goa was separated from the Union-Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu and was made a full-fledged State of Goa, Daman and Diu Reorganisation Act 1987. But Daman and Diu remained as Union Territory
Chhattisgarh
Formed by the Constitutional Amendment Act, 2000 by dividing Madhya Pradesh on November 1, 2000
Uttarakhand
Formed by the Constitutional Amendment Act, 2000 by dividing Uttar Pradesh on November 9, 2000
Jharkhand
Formed by the Constitutional Amendment Act, 2000 by dividing Bihar on November 15, 2000
Telangana
Created by Andhra Pradesh Re-organisation Act, 2014
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