Inorganic Compounds and Their Uses

Common Name
Formula
Chemical Name
Used In
Alum
KAl(SO4)2·12H2O
Potassium Aluminum Sulphate
Purification Of Water To Remove Dirt.
Baking Soda
NaHCO3
Sodium Bicarbonate
Fire Extinguisher, Cooking, Antacid Etc.
Bleaching Powder
Ca(ClO)2
Calcium Oxychloride
Used As Bleaching Agent And Disinfectant.
Blue Vitriol
CuSO4·5H2O
Copper Sulphate
Bordeaux Mixture.
Borax
Na2B4O7·10H2O
Sodium Tetraborate
Used As A Flux In Optical Gas, In Match, Stick To Prevent After Glow, As A Preservative.
Bordeaux Mixture Or Bordo Mix
CuSO4 & Ca(OH)2
Mixture Of Copper Sulphate And Milk Of Lime
Used As A Fungicide. 
Caustic Soda
NaOH
Sodium Hydroxide
Manufacture Of Soap, Paper, Rayon, Etc.
Common Salt
NaCl
Sodium Chloride
Food Preservative.
Corrosive Sublimate
HgCl2
Mercuric Chloride
Batteries.
Dry Ice
CO2
Solid Carbon Dioxide
Used To Induce Artificial Rain, Cinema Locations Etc.
Epsom Salt
MgSO4
Magnesium Sulphate (Hepta Hydrate)
Used As Laxative.
Glauber's Salt
Na2SO4
Sodium Sulphate
Manufacture Of Window Glass, Brown Paper, As Detergent Additive.
Gypsum or Plaster Of Paris
CaSO4·2H2O
Calcium Sulphate
Cement, Production Of (Dihydrate) Plaster Of Paris Etc.
Heavy Spar
BaSO4
Barium Sulphate
Used As A Barium Meal For Contrast Dye X
Hypo
Na2S2O3
Sodium Thiosulphate
Photography For Fixing Or Washing.
Indian Salt Peter
KNO3
Potassium Nitrate
Gun Powder Which Is A 6:1:1 Mixture Of Potassium, Charcoal, And Sulphur.
Lime Stone, Marble
CaCO3
Calcium Carbonate
Cement, Glass Mortar, White Washing Spar Etc.
Lunar Caustic
AgNO3
Silver Nitrate
Silver Mirror, Marking Ink For Identification Of Person In Elections Etc.
Lime Water
 Ca(OH)2
Calcium Hydroxide
Cement, Glass, Mortar, White Washing Etc.
Oil Of Vitriol
H2SO4
Sulphuric Acid
King Of Chemicals,  Most Industries.
Pearl Ash
K2CO3
Potassium Carbonate
Soft Soap, Washing Wool Etc.
Philosopher's Wool
ZnO
Zinc Oxide
Paints, As A Filler In Rubber Etc.
Quick Lime
CaO
Calcium Oxide
Cement, Glass, Mortar, White Washing Etc.
Sal Ammoniac
NH4Cl
Ammonium Chloride
Used For Soldering, In Dry Cell Etc.
Washing Soda
Na2CO3
Sodium Carbonate
Manufacture Of Glass, Softening Of Water For Washing Cloths Etc.
Water Glass
Na2O3Si
Sodium Silicate
Used As A Filler In Soap, Fire Proofing Timber And Textiles Etc.
White Vitriol
 ZnSO
Zinc Sulphate
Used To Produce White Paint By Mixing With With Barium Sulphate.
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