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Sea Water Transport / Ports in India

India has a coastline spanning 7516.6 kilometers, forming one of the biggest peninsulas in the world. It is serviced by 13 major ports, 200 notified minor and intermediate ports. The total 200 non-major ports are in the following States:- Gujarat (42); Maharashtra (48); Tamil Nadu (15); Karnataka (10); Kerala (17); Andhra Pradesh (12); Odisha (13); Goa (5); West Bengal (1); Daman and Diu (2); Lakshadweep (10); Pondicherry (2); and Andaman & Nicobar (23).

List of Major Ports in India
Name of the Port
Coast
State
Comments
Kandla
Western Coast
Gujarat
Also called Tidal Port
It is declared as Trade Free Zone
Largest Port Serving North India
Mumbai
Western Coast
Maharashtra
Natural Harbour and Largest Natural Port In India
Busiest port in India
Navasheva/
Jawaharlal Nehru Port
Western Coast
Maharashtra
Largest Artificial Port in India
Marmagoa
Western Coast
Goa
Established on the estuary of the river Juari
Handles Iron Ore Exports
Manglore
Western Coast
Karnataka
Handles iron ore exports from Kudermukh mines
Cochin/
Kochi
Western Coast
Kerala
Located in the Vebanad lake
Handles exports of spices and salts
Haldia
Eastern Coast
West Bengal
Riverine ports on Hugli river
Also known as Diamond Harbour
Paradip
Eastern Coast
Odisha
Natural Harbor
Handles export of iron and aluminium to south east asian countries
Vishakapatnam
Eastern Coast
Andhra Pradesh
Deepest port of India
Handles export of iron ore to Japan
Facilities of building and repairing of ships are available here
Chennai
Eastern Coast
Tamil Nadu
Artificial and 2nd Busiest port.
Ennore
Eastern Coast
Tamil Nadu
First corporatized port of India
Tutikorin
Eastern Coast
Tamil Nadu
Southern Most major port
Handles petro chemical products and fertilizers and salts

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