Timeline of Indian History/ Major Events of Indian History

Periods
Events/Significance
BC
300-5000
Indus Valley Civilisation
563
Birtd of Gautama Buddha (or 576 BC in some sources)
527-540
Birtd of Mahavir; Nirvana
327-326
Alexander's invasion of India. It opened a land route between India and Europe
313
Accession of Chandragupta Maurya, according to Jain traditions.
305
Defeat of Seleucus at tde hands of Chandragupta Maurya
273-232
Ashoka's reign
261
Conquest of Kalinga
145-101
Reign of Elara, tde Chola king of Sri Lanka
58
Beginning of Vikrami Era
AD
78
Beginning of Saka Era
120
Accession of Kanishka
320
Commencement of Gupta Era, tde golden age of Hindu India
380
Accession of Vikramaditya
405-411
Visit of Chinese traveller Fahien
415
Accession of Kumara Gupta I
455
Accession of Skanda Gupta
606-647
Harshavardhan's reign
712
First invasion in Sindh by Arabs
836
Accession of King Bhoja of Kannauj
985
Accession of Rajaraja tde Chola ruler
998
Accession of Sultan Mahmud
1001
First invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni who defeated Jaipal, ruler of Punjab.
1025
Destruction of Somnath Temple by Mahmud Ghazni
1191
First Battle of Tarain
1192
Second Battle of Tarain
1206
Accession of Qutub-ud-Din Aibak to tde tdrone oof Delhi
1210
Deatd of Qutub-ud-Din Aibak
1221
Changez Khan invaded India (Mongol invasion)
1236
Accession of Razia Sultan to tde tdrone of Delhi
1240
Deatd of Razia Sultan
1296
Accession of Ala-ud-Din Khilji
1316
Deatd of Ala-ud-Din Khilji
1325
Accession of Muhammad-bin Tughlaq
1327
Shifting of Capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in Deccan by tde Tughlaqs
1336
Foundation of Vijayanagar empire in Soutd
1351
Accession of Feroze Shah
1398
Invasion of India by Timur
1469
Birtd of Guru Nank
1494
Accession of Babur in Farghana
1497-98
First Voyage of Vasco de Gama to India (discovery of sea route to India via Cape of Good Hope) I
1526
First Battle of Panipat; Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi; foundation of Mughal dynasty by Babur
1527
Battle of Kanwaha-Babur defeated Rana Sanga
1530
Death of Babur and Accession of Humayun
1539
Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and became India's empreor
1555
Humayun recaptured the throne of Delhi
1556
Second battle of Panipal
1565
Battle of Talikota
1576
Battle of Haldighati - Rana Pratap defeated by Akbar
1582
Din-e-IIahi founded by Akbar
1600
East India Company established
1605
Death of Akbar and accession of Jehangir
1606
Execution of Guru Arjun Dev
1611
Jehangir marries Nur Jahan
1616
Sir Thomas Roe visits Jehangir
1627
Birth of Shivaji and death of Jehangir
1628
Shah Jahan becomes emperor of India
1631
Death of Mumtaz Mahal
1634
The English permitted to trade in India (in Bengal)
1659
Accession of Aurangzeb, Shahjahan imprisoned
1665
Shivaji imprisoned, by Aurangzeb
1666
Death of Shah Jahan
1675
Execution of Guru Teg Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs
1680
Death of Shivaji
1707
Death of Aurangzeb
1708
Death of Guru Gobind Singh
1739
Nadir Shah Invades India
1757
Battle of Plassey, establishment of British political rule in India at the hands of Lord Clive
1761
Third Battle of Panipat; Shah Alam II becomes India's emperor
1764
Battle of Buxer
1765
Clive appointed Company's Governor of India
1767-69
First Mysore War
1780
Birth of Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1780-84
Second Mysore War
1784
Pitt's India Act
1790-92
Third Mysore War
1793
The Permanent Settlement of Bengal
1799
Fouth Mysore War - Death of Tipu Sultan
1802
Treaty of Bassein
1809
Treaty of Amritsar
1829
Practice of Sati Prohibited
1830
Raja Ram Mohan Roy visits England
1833
Death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy
1839
Death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1839-42
First Afghan War
1845-46
First Anglo-Sikh War
1852
Second Anglo-Burmese War
1853
First Railway line opened between Bombay and Thane and a Telegraph line in Calcutta
1857
The Sepoy Mutiny of First War of Independence
1861
Birth of Rabindranath Tagore
1869
Birth of Mahatma Gandhi
1885
Foundation of Indian National Congress
1889
Birth of Jawaharlal Nehru
1897
Birth of Subhash Chandra Bose
1904
Tibet Expedition
1905
First Battle of Bengal under Lord Curzon
1906
Foundation of Muslim League
1911
Delhi Darbar; King and Queen visit India; Delhi becomes the Capital of India
1914
World War I begins
1916
Lucknow Pact Signed by Muslim League and Congress
1918
World War I ends
1919
Montague-Chemsford Reforms introduced; Jallianwala Bagh Massacre at Amritsar
1920
Khilafat Movement launched
1927
Boycott of Simon Commission; broadcasting started in India
1928
Death of Lala Lajpat Rai
1929
Lord Irwain's Pact; resolution of complete independence passed at Lahore Congress
1930
Civil disobedience movement launched; Dandi March by Mahatma Gandhi (6 April, 1930)
1931
Gandhi Irwin Pact
1935
Government of India Act enacted
1937
Provincial Autonomy; Congress forms ministries
1939
Word War II begins (September 1)
1941
Escape of Subhash Chandra Bose from India and death of Rabindranath Tagore
1942
Arrival of Cripps Mission in India; Quit India Movement launched (August 8)
1943-1944
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose forms provisional Azad Hind Fauj and Indian National Army; Bengal Famine
1945
Trial of Indian National Army at Red Fort; Shimla Conference; World War II ends
1946
British Cabinet Mission visits India; Interim government formed at centre
1947
Division of India; Indian and Pakistan seperate independent dimensions
1948
Mahatma Gandhi assassinated (Jannuary 30); integration of princely states
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