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Vitamins,Their Scientific Names, Dificiency Disease and Food Sources

A vitamin is an organic compound and a vital nutrient that an organism requires in limited amounts. Vitamins have diverse biochemical functions. Some, such as vitamin D, have hormone-like functions as regulators of mineral metabolism, or regulators of cell and tissue growth and differentiation (such as some forms of vitamin A). Others function as antioxidants (e.g., vitamin E and sometimes vitamin C).
Fat Soluble Vitamins: A,D,E and K. If these are taken in excess, they causes a condition known as Hyper Vitaminosis (cause of hair cracked mouth)
Water Soluble Vitamins: B,C and P. If these vitamins are taken in excess, they washed away.

Vitamin
Scientific Name
Deficiency Disease
Food Sources
Vitamin A
Retinol
Night blindness
Liver, Orange, Ripe Yellow Fruits, Leafy Vegetables, Carrots, Pumpkin, Squash, Spinach, Fish, Soya Milk, Milk
Vitamin B1
Thiamine
Beriberi
Pork, Oatmeal, Brown Rice, Vegetables, Potatoes, Liver, Eggs
Vitamin B2
Riboflavin
Ariboflavinosis,
Glossitis
Dairy Products, Bananas, Popcorn, Green Beans, Asparagus
Vitamin B3
Niacin
Pellagra
Meat, Fish, Eggs, Many Vegetables, Mushrooms, Tree Nuts
Vitamin B5
Pantothenic Acid
Paresthesia
Meat, Broccoli, Avocados
Vitamin B6
Pyridoxine
Anemia peripheral neuropathy.
Meat, Vegetables, Tree Nuts, Bananas
Vitamin B7
Biotin
Dermatitis,
enteritis
Raw Egg Yolk, Liver, Peanuts, Leafy Green Vegetables
Vitamin B9
Folic Acid
Megaloblastic anemia
Leafy Vegetables, Pasta, Bread, Cereal, Liver
Vitamin B12
Cyanoco-balamin
Megaloblastic anemia
Meat And Other Animal Products
Vitamin C
Ascorbic Acid
Scurvy
Many Fruits And Vegetables, Liver
Vitamin D
Cholecalciferol
Rickets and
Osteomalacia
Fish, Eggs, Liver, Mushrooms
Vitamin E
Tocopherols
Deficiency is very rare; Sterility in males Andabortions in females
Many Fruits And Vegetables, Nuts And Seeds
Vitamin K
Phylloquinone
Bleeding diathesis
Leafy Green Vegetables Such As Spinach, Egg Yolks, Liver

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