Famous Caves in India (Ajanta and Ellora)

»  A cave or cavern is a hollow place in the ground, specifically a natural underground space large enough for a human to enter.
»  Speleology is the science of exploration and study of all aspects of caves and the cave environment. 
»  Ajanta & Ellora are the most famous caves in India located in the Maharashtra.
»  There are in all 34 caves at the Ellora. These date back to the 6th and 11th centuries AD.
»  There are 29 caves at Ajanta. These date back to the 2nd century BC and 6th century AD.
»  The caves at the Ajanta are all Buddhist caves. However the caves at Ellora are a mix of Buddhism, Hinduism as well as Jainism.
»  The Ellora caves were primarily built under the rule of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties.

»  The Elephanta Caves (natively known as Gharapurichi Leni, basically Gharapuri) are a network of sculpted caves located on Elephanta Island, or Gharapuri (literally "the city of caves") in Mumbai Harbour. There are in all seven ancient caves, which are hand carved out of a single rock. These caves date back to 450 and 750 AD and are very ancient. These are hindu caves depict the Hindu God Shiva, Brahmanical.
»  The Bhimbetka rock shelters are an archaeological site of the Paleolithic, exhibiting the earliest traces of human life on the Indian subcontinent, and thus the beginning of the South Asian Stone Age.
»  Some of the Stone Age rock paintings found among the Bhimbetka rock shelters are approximately 30,000 years old
»  Ajanta, Ellora, Elephanta and Bhimbhetka Rock Shelters are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.


 List of Important Caves in India and Location 
Caves and Rocks
Location
Ajanta Caves (WHS)
Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Ellora Caves (WHS)
Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Elephanta Caves (WHS)
Mumbai, Maharashtra
Amarnath Cave
Anantnag, Kashmir
Bhimbhetka Rock Shelters (WHS)
Raisen, M.P.
Udaygiri Caves
Vidisha, M.P.
Badami Caves
Bagalkot, Karnataka
Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves
Bhubaneshwar, Odisha
Sonbhandar Caves
Rajgir, Bihar
Dungeshwari Cave Temples
Bihar
Tabo
Tobo, Himanchal
Undavalli Caves
Guntur, A.P.
Borra Caves
Visakhapatnam, A.P.
Mogalarajapuram Caves
Vijaywada, A.P.
Trichy Rock Fort Temple
Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu
(WHS)®World Heritage Site

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