List of Important Missiles in India and Their Range pdf

Indian Missiles

Historical Background:
»  Mysorean rockets were the first iron-cased rockets that were successfully deployed for military use.
»  Hyder Ali, the 18th century ruler of Mysore, and his son and successor, Tipu Sultan used them effectively against the British East India Company.
»  Realizing the importance of guided missile weapon systems in the modern warfare, a Special Weapon Development Team (SWDT) was formed in 1958. This team was later expanded into DRDL.
»  In 1970s, the Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL) undertook the Project Devil and Project Valiant.
»  The Project Devil was aimed to produce short range surface-to-air missile.
»  The project Valiant was aimed to produce long-range ballistic missile.
»  Both Projects were considered failures.
»  Project Valiant was terminated in 1974 and Project Devil ended in 1980.

Types of Missiles:

1.   Ballisitc Missiles
2.  Cruise Missiles

Ballistic Missile

ballistic missile is a missile (rocket) that follows a ballistic trajectory with the objective of delivering one or more warheads to a predetermined target. These missiles are guided for brief duration just in starting phase of trajectory and the rest of the path is like a free falling projectile under gravity.
Examples: All the variants of Prithvi are SRBMs while Agni I to Agni IV are IRBM while Agni V and Agni VI are ICBMs

Ballistic missiles, based on launch mode can be classified as:
Surface-to-Surface Missile, Surface-to-Air Missile, Surface to-Sea Missile, Air-to-Air Missile, Air-to-Surface Missile, Sea-to-Sea Missile, Sea-to-Surface Missile, Anti-Tank Missile.

Ballistic missiles, based on maximum range can be classified as:
Short Range Missile (SRBM)
Medium Range Missile (MRBM)
Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM)
Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM)

Cruise Missile

cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remain in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed. These missiles are self-navigating and fly at extremely low altitudes to avoid being caught by radars. Cruise missiles are designed to deliver a large warhead over long distances with high accuracy.
Examples: Brahmos and Nirbhay 
Depending upon the speed such missiles are classified as:
1) Subsonic cruise missile [Flies at a speed lesser than that of sound.(0.8 Mach)]
2) Supersonic cruise missile [Exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 2-3)]
3) Hypersonic cruise missile[Travels at a speed of more than 5 Mach.]

* The speed of Mach 1 is equal to the speed of sound.

Complete List of all Indian Missiles with Range, Type and Speed

Missile Name
Origin
Type
Range
Speed

  Air-to-air missiles  

Astra Missile
India
Air-to-Air Missiles
60 – 80 km
Mach 4 +
K-100
Russia & India
Medium Range air-to-air missile
300–400 km
Mach 3.3

  Surface-To-Air Missiles  

Akash Missile
India
Medium-range surface-to-air missile
30-35km
Mach 2.5 to 3.5
Barak 8
Isreal /India
Long Range surface to air Missile
100 km
Mach 2

  Defence Missile  

Prithvi Air Defence (PAD)
India
Exo-atmospheric Anti-ballistic missile
Altitude- 80km
Mach 5+
Advanced Air Defence (AAD)
India
Endoatmospheric Anti-ballistic missile
Altitude- 30km
Mach 4.5
Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV)
India
Exo-atmospheric Anti-ballistic missile
Altitude- 120km

  Cruise Missiles  

Nirbhay
India
Subsonic cruise missile(Ship, submarine, aircraft and land)
1,000 -1500 km
Mach 0.8
BrahMos
Russia & India
Supersonic cruise missile(Ship, submarine, aircraft and land)
290 km
Mach 2.8 to 3 Mach
BrahMos II
India
Hypersonic cruise missile(Ship, submarine, aircraft and land)
300km
Mach 7

  Surface-to-surface Missiles  

Agni-I
India
Medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM)
700-1250 km
Mach 7.5
Agni-II
India
Intermediate-range ballistic missile(IRBM)
2,000–3,000 km
Mach 12
Agni-III
India
Intermediate-range ballistic missile(IRBM)
3,500 km – 5,000 km
5–6 km/s
Agni-IV
India
Intermediate-range ballistic missile(IRBM)
3,000 – 4,000 km
Mach 7
Agni-V
India
Intercontinental ballistic missile(ICBM)
5000 – 8000Km
Mach 24
Prithvi I
India
Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical)
150 km
Prithvi II
India
Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical)
350 km
Dhanush
India
Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical)
350 – 600 km
Prahaar(Pragati)
India
Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical)
150 km
Mach 2.03
Shaurya
India
Medium-Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM)
750 to 1,900 km
Mach 7.5

  Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles  

Sagarika (K-15)
India
Ballistic Missile
700 – 1900Km
Mach 7+
K-4
India
Ballistic Missile
3,500–5,000 km
Mach 7+
K-5
India
Ballistic Missile
6,000 km

  Anti-Tank Missile  

Nag
India
Anti-Tank Guided Missile
4km
230 m/s
Helina(HELIcopter launched NAg)
India
Anti-Tank Guided Missile
7-8km

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