List of Important Missiles in India and Their Range pdf

Historical Background:
»  Mysorean rockets were the first iron-cased rockets that were successfully deployed for military use.
»  Hyder Ali, the 18th century ruler of Mysore, and his son and successor, Tipu Sultan used them effectively against the British East India Company.
»  Realizing the importance of guided missile weapon systems in the modern warfare, a Special Weapon Development Team (SWDT) was formed in 1958. This team was later expanded into DRDL.
»  In 1970s, the Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL) undertook the Project Devil and Project Valiant.
»  The Project Devil was aimed to produce short range surface-to-air missile.
»  The project Valiant was aimed to produce long-range ballistic missile.
»  Both Projects were considered failures.
»  Project Valiant was terminated in 1974 and Project Devil ended in 1980.

Types of Missiles:
1.   Ballisitc Missiles
2.  Cruise Missiles

Ballistic Missile
ballistic missile is a missile (rocket) that follows a ballistic trajectory with the objective of delivering one or more warheads to a predetermined target. These missiles are guided for brief duration just in starting phase of trajectory and the rest of the path is like a free falling projectile under gravity.
Examples: All the variants of Prithvi are SRBMs while Agni I to Agni IV are IRBM while Agni V and Agni VI are ICBMs

Ballistic missiles, based on launch mode can be classified as:
Surface-to-Surface Missile, Surface-to-Air Missile, Surface to-Sea Missile, Air-to-Air Missile, Air-to-Surface Missile, Sea-to-Sea Missile, Sea-to-Surface Missile, Anti-Tank Missile.

Ballistic missiles, based on maximum range can be classified as:
Short Range Missile (SRBM)
Medium Range Missile (MRBM)
Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM)
Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM)

Cruise Missile
cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed. These missiles are self navigating and fly at extremely low altitudes to avoid being caught by radars. Cruise missiles are designed to deliver a large warhead over long distances with high accuracy.
Examples: Brahmos and Nirbhay 
Depending upon the speed such missiles are classified as:
1) Subsonic cruise missile [Flies at a speed lesser than that of sound.(0.8 Mach)]
2) Supersonic cruise missile [Exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 2-3)]
3) Hypersonic cruise missile[Travels at a speed of more than 5 Mach.]

* The speed of Mach 1 is equal to the speed of sound.

Complete List of all Indian Missiles with Range, Type and Speed
Missile Name
Origin
Type
Range
Speed
  Air-to-air missiles  
Astra Missile
India
Air-to-Air Missiles
60 – 80 km
Mach 4 +
K-100
Russia & India
Medium Range air-to-air missile
300–400 km
Mach 3.3
  Surface-To-Air Missiles  
Akash Missile
India
Medium-range surface-to-air missile
30-35km
Mach 2.5 to 3.5
Barak 8
Isreal /India
Long Range surface to air Missile
100 km
Mach 2
  Defence Missile  
Prithvi Air Defence (PAD)
India
Exo-atmospheric Anti-ballistic missile
Altitude- 80km
Mach 5+
Advanced Air Defence (AAD)
India
Endoatmospheric Anti-ballistic missile
Altitude- 30km
Mach 4.5
Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV)
India
Exo-atmospheric Anti-ballistic missile
Altitude- 120km
  Cruise Missiles  
Nirbhay
India
Subsonic cruise missile(Ship, submarine, aircraft and land)
1,000 -1500 km
Mach 0.8
BrahMos
Russia & India
Supersonic cruise missile(Ship, submarine, aircraft and land)
290 km
Mach 2.8 to 3 Mach
BrahMos II
India
Hypersonic cruise missile(Ship, submarine, aircraft and land)
300km
Mach 7
  Surface-to-surface Missiles  
Agni-I
India
Medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM)
700-1250 km
Mach 7.5
Agni-II
India
Intermediate-range ballistic missile(IRBM)
2,000–3,000 km
Mach 12
Agni-III
India
Intermediate-range ballistic missile(IRBM)
3,500 km – 5,000 km
5–6 km/s
Agni-IV
India
Intermediate-range ballistic missile(IRBM)
3,000 – 4,000 km
Mach 7
Agni-V
India
Intercontinental ballistic missile(ICBM)
5000 – 8000Km
Mach 24
Prithvi I
India
Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical)
150 km
Prithvi II
India
Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical)
350 km
Dhanush
India
Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical)
350 – 600 km
Prahaar(Pragati)
India
Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical)
150 km
Mach 2.03
Shaurya
India
Medium-Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM)
750 to 1,900 km
Mach 7.5
  Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles  
Sagarika (K-15)
India
Ballistic Missile
700 – 1900Km
Mach 7+
K-4
India
Ballistic Missile
3,500–5,000 km
Mach 7+
K-5
India
Ballistic Missile
6,000 km
  Anti-Tank Missile  
Nag
India
Anti-Tank Guided Missile
4km
230 m/s
Helina(HELIcopter launched NAg)
India
Anti-Tank Guided Missile
7-8km

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