Brief History of Television and Radio in India

Prasar Bharati
»  Prasar Bharati (प्रसार भारती); is India's largest public broadcasting agency.
»  It is an autonomous body set up by an Act of Parliament
»  It comprises Doordarshan Television Network and All India Radio which were earlier media units of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
»  It was established in 1997.

 All India Radio 
» Radio broadcasting in India started in 1927 in Bombay and Calcutta with two privately owned transmitters.
»  All India Radio (AIR), officially known since 1956 as Ākāshvāī (literally, "Voice from the Sky"), is the national public radio broadcaster of India established in 1930.
»  The headquarters of AIR is the Akashvani Bhavan in New Delhi.
» The external services of All India Radio broadcast in 27 languages to countries outside India.

» Doordarshan had a modest beginning an experimental telecast starting in Delhi on 15 September 1959, with a small transmitter and a makeshift studio.
»  UNESCO gave the Indian Government $20,000 and 180 Philips TV sets.
»  Regular daily transmission started in 1965. National telecasts were introduced in 1982
»  The regular daily transmission started in 1965 as a part of All India Radio.
»  Doordarshan began a five-minute news bulletin in the same year in 1965.
»  Pratima Puri was the first newsreader.
»  The television service was extended to Bombay and Amritsar in 1972.
»  Color TV was introduced in the Indian with the live telecast of speech by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on 15th August 1982, followed by the 1982 Asian Games.
»  Krishi Darshan was the first program telecast on Doordarshan in January 26, 1967.
»  “Hum Log” is longest weekly serial not Daily soap, with 154 episodes.
»  “Kyunki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi” of Balaji Telefilms in STAR Plus Channel  is
India’s longest running television show till date,(July 3, 2000 – November 6, 2008) (1830 episodes).
»  Zee TV was the first privately-owned Indian channel to broadcast over cable followed by Asia Television Network (ATN).
»  Dish TV was the first Indian Satellite television.
»  DD India is the international broadcast of Doordarshan available internationally in 146 countries.
» India’s highest TV tower is at Peetambara, New Delhi. At 235 metres, it is three times taller than the Qutub Minar.
» Transmission of Question Hour of Parliament was commenced by Doordarshan in 1991. Today the Lok Sabha TV functions as a separate wing under Doordarshan.

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