List of Largest Producing Countries of Aricultural Commodities

Production (and consumption) of agricultural plant commodities has a diverse geographical distribution. Along with climate and corresponding types of vegetation, the economy of a nation also influences the level of agricultural production. Production of some products is highly concentrated in a few countries while other are widely produced. For instance, China, the leading producer of wheat and ramie in 2013, produces 96% of the world's ramie fiber but only 17% of the world's wheat. Products with more evenly distributed production see more frequent changes in ranking of the top producers.
The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foodsfibersfuels, and raw materials.


Agricultural Products And Their Chief Producing Countries
Agriculture Products
Climate and Rainfall Required
Leading Producers
Wheat (गेहूँ)

Grows better in the Prairie and Steppe regions and areas with temperate climate. Ideal temperature is between 15 and 20 C and loamy soils with good drainage are suitable. Rainfall required is about 75 cm.
1.  China
2. India
3. USA
4. France
Rice (चावल)
A crop of humid and hot-to-warm climates, it is grown mainly in regions of tropical monsoon climate. It requires a temperature of about 20 C to 27 C, a clay-rich alluvial soil with good water retention capacity. Rainfall required is about 100 cm.
1.  China
2. India
3. Indonesia
Maize (मक्का)
This is the most important crop among coarse grains. It is native of America where it is known as corn. It grows best in areas having 18 to 27 C temperature. Loam to sandy loams are ideal soils. Rainfall required is of about 60 to 70 cm.
1.  USA
2. China
3. Brazil
Millets (बाजरा)
This group of crops includes Jowar, Bajra and Ragi. These crops are grown in areas of low rainfall and poor. Most of the millets are grown in tropical regions. Rainfall required is about 60cm.
1.  India
2. Nigeria
3. China
Barley (जौ)
It is a rich source of protein and can be grown in all those areas where wheat can be grown.
1.  E.U.
2. Russia
3. Canada
4. Germany
Oil Seeds (तिलहन)
These are the seeds from which vegetable oils are extracted. The most important oil seeds are groundnuts, soybeans, coconut and mustard. Another important source of edible oil are the palm kernels.
An important industrial oil is linseed oil which is obtained from seeds of the flax plant.
· India is the leading producer of groundnuts
· USA and China of soybean, and India and Brazil of other oil seeds such as mustard and castor seed.
· The leading producer of coconut are Philippines, Indonesia, India and Sri Lanka.
· Nigeria and Malaysia are the leading producers of palm kernels and palm oil.
· Argentina, Canada, India USA and Russia are the leading producers of linseed oil.
Tea
Tea is an important beverage crop and it is raised in monsoon climates on mountain slopes. It requires a temperature of over 21 C and rainfall of about 200 cm.
1.  India
2. China
3. Sri Lanka
4. Kenya
Coffee
It is also a beverage crop and the beverage is obtained fro the seeds of the plant. It requires a temperature of about 26 C and rainfall of about 150 to 200 cm.
1.  Brazil
2. Columbia
3. Mexico
4. Indonesia
Cocoa (कोको)
Cocoa is used both as a beverage and for chocolate. It requires a high temperature and a rainfall of more than 200 cm
1.  Ivory Coast
2. Ghana
3. Brazil
4. Indonesia
Sugarcane (गन्ना)
It is the major source of sugar. It grows best in the areas having temperature between 20 and 28 C, rainfall of about 120 cm
1.  India
2. Brazil
3. USA
4. Cuba
Sugar-beet (चुक़ंदर)

It is a root crop requiring deep friable (easy to crumble) soil. Rainfall of about 65 cm is adequate.
1.  Ukraine
2. France
3. Germany


Tobacco
It requires a warm growing season with temperature above 18 C and a frost free period of 120 to 180 days.
1.  China
2. USA
3. India
4. Brazil
Rubber
It requires a humid tropical climate with temperature around 27oC and rainfall of more than 150 cm. Alluvial soils are suitable, provided they are well drained.
1.  Thailand
2. Indonesia
3. Malaysia
Cotton
Cotton is a fibre crop and cotton fibre is obtained from the fruit bolls of the plant.
1.  China
2. USA
3. India
4. Pakistan
»  The leading producers of long staple cotton are USA and Egypt.
Jute
This is another fibre crop. Jute fibre is obtained from the skin of the plant. It is crop of the tropical regions having a temperature of 27 to 30 C and rainfall of 100 to 200cm.
1.  India
2. Bangladesh
Flax (सन)
A fibre crop of the temperature regions, flax requires a summer temperature of 16 to 18 C and 50 to 75 cm rainfall. Well-drained clayey or loam soils are ideal.
1.  Russia
2. Baltic Republic
3. Poland
Hemp (भांग)
Also a fibre crop, it requires conditions similar to flax. Hemp requires a summer temperature of 16 to 18 C and 50 to 75 cm rainfall.
1.  Russia
2. Ukraine
3. India
4. China
Silk (रेशम)
The rearing of silkworms for silk is called sericulture.
Mulberry and Tassar are the main varieties of silk produced in India.
1.  China
2. India
3. Japan

Grapes
These are grown in Mediterranean climate with rainy winters. Grapes are dried to produce raising
1.  Italy
2. France
3. USA
»  Turkey, USA and Iran are the leading producers of raisins
Banana
Banana is the second most important fruit crop in India next to mango. Banana, basically a tropical crop, grows well in a temperature range of 15ºC – 35ºC
1.  India
2. China
3. Uganda

Sample Questions:
Which country is the largest producer of wheat in the world? China
Which country grows the most fruits in the world? China
Largest Rice is in which country? China
What kinds of crops are grown in Europe? Cereals
Prabhat is an early short duration variety of - Red gram
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