Important Indian’s Dynasties and their Founder

India is a vast country and was ruled by various dynasties in different periods. The rulers were of Indian origin or came from other parts of the world, especially from west or north. They settled here forever instead of returning to their homeland outside India.
Some of the important dynasties of India are as follows.

Ancient Indian Dynasties and Their Founders


Indian Dynasties in Chronological Order


Dynasty
Founder
Period
Remark
Haryanka Dynasty (Magadha)
Bimbisara
684 BC – 413 BC

Nanda Dynasty (Magadha)
Mahapadmananda
345 BC – 321 BC

Mauryan Dynasty (Magadha)
Chandragupta Maurya
322 BC – 185 BC

Sunga Dynasty (Magadha)
Pushyamitra Sunga
185 BC – 75 BC

Kanva Dynasty (Magadha)
Vasudeva
75 BC - 30 BC

Satvahana Dynasty (Maharashtra)
Simuka
230 BC – 220 CE

Kushan Dynasty (West-Northern India)
Kadphises
50 AD - 250 AD

Chola Dynasty, Adi (Cholamandalama)
Karikala
190 AD - 600 AD

Gupta Dynasty (Magadha)
Srigupta
320 AD - 600 AD
Gupta Dynasty ruled area was Bihar, Uttar Pradesh. The ruled period was 320 - 550 A.D. The most prominent rulers of Gupta Dynasty were Chandragupta and Samudragupta.
Chalukya Badami Dynasty (Badami)
Pulkeshin I
543 AD – 753 AD
Chalukya Dynasty ruled in Southern part of India(Gujarat and Karnataka). The ruling period was 6th to 8th & 10th to 12th Century. The most famous rulers in the empire of the Chalukyas were Pulakesin I and Pulakesin II.
Pallava Dynasty (Kanchi)-
Singha Vishnu
550 AD - 897 AD
Pallava Dynasty was a pastoral tribe who ruled the southern parts of India(Chennai, Andhra Pradwsh) for almost 500 years. Simha Vishnu is the founder of Pallava dynasty.
Chalukya Vengi Dynasty (Vengi)
Vishnu Vardhana
615 AD - 1118 AD

Rashtrakuta Dynasty (Maharashtra)-
Danti Durga
753 AD – 982 AD

Pala Dynasty (Bengal)
Gopala
750 AD – 1174 AD
Pala Dynasty ruled in Bihar and Bengal regions of South Asia, in the period of 750 - 1174 AD. The founder of the Pala Dynasty was Gopala.
Chola Dynasty (Tamil Region)
Vijayalaya
850 AD - 1279 AD
Chola Dynasty rulers ruled in Tamilnadu, Patna, Bihar, Bengal and Srilanka. The period was 300 B.C. to 1250 A.D. The most famous rulers of Chola Dynasty were Vijayalaya, Aditya-I, Rajraja Chola, etc
Slave Dynasty (Northern India)-
Qutubudin Aibak
1206 AD – 1290 AD
The Mamluk Dynasty (sometimes referred as Slave Dynasty or Ghulam Dynasty) (Persian: سلطنت مملوک‎‎), (Urdu: غلام خاندان‎) was directed into Northern India by Qutb ud-Din Aibak, a Turkic general from Central Asia.
Khilji Dynasty (Northern India)-
Jalal-ud-din Khilji
1290 AD – 1320 AD
The area of Khilji Dynasty was Northern part of India i.e. Gujarat, Malwa, Ujjain.The period when the dynasty ruled was 1201 - 1390 AD. The ruler of Khilji Dynasty was Jalaluddin Khilji
Tughlaq Dynasty (Northern India)
Ghias-ud-din Tughlaq
1320 AD – 1414 AD
The founders real name was Ghazi Malik and he ruled from 1320 - 1325. He founded the city of Tughlaqabad outside Delhi.
Lodhi Dynasty (Northern India)
Bahlol Lodhi
1451 AD – 1526 AD
The ruled area of Lodhi Dynasty was central part of India - Delhi, Punjab, the dynasty lasted from 1451 - 1526. Rulers of this dynasty were Buhlul Lodi, Sikandar Lodi, Ibrahim lodhi.
Mughal Dynasty (large part of Indian Subcontinent)-
Babur
1526 AD – 1857 AD
The Mughals ruled from Kabul to Assam and Kashmir to Tanjore on vast regions of India, they ruled from 1526 to 1858 or 16th to 18th century. Zahiruddun Mohammed Babur founded the Mughal Emphire in India.

»  Magadha formed one of the sixteen Mahajanapadas (Sanskrit: "Great Countries") of ancient India. The core of the kingdom was the area of Bihar south of the Ganges; its first capital was Rajagriha (modern Rajgir), then Pataliputra (modern Patna). Rajagriha was initially known as 'Girivrijja' and later came to be known as so during the reign of Ajatashatru.

»  Babur, the founder of the largest dynasty India has ever seen, passed away on December 26 in 1530. Considered as one of the finest Mughal emperors, Babur succeeded in securing the dynasty's position in Delhi after a series of sultanates failed to consolidate their seats and his empire went on to rule over 300 years in India.

Who was the founder of the Delhi Sultanate?

Although his predecessor Qutb ud Din Aibak established the Mamluk Dynasty of Delhi, Iltutmish is considered the founder of the Delhi Sultanate, because he consolidated its position in India. Shams-ud-din Iltutmish was the third ruler of the Slave dynasty.

Who was the last Hindu ruler of the Delhi kingdom?

Rai Pithora, commonly known as Prithviraj Chauhan ( c. 1166–1192 CE), was a Rajput king of the Chauhan dynasty, who ruled the kingdoms of Ajmer and Delhi in northern India during the latter half of the 12th century. Prithviraj Chauhan was the last independent Hindu king, before Hemu, to sit upon the throne of Delhi.

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