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Common Drugs and Their Usage

  • A drug is any substance (other than food that provides nutritional support) that, when inhaled, injected, smoked, consumed, absorbed via a patch on the skin, or dissolved under the tongue, causes a physiological change in the body.
  • Antibiotics, also called antibacterials, are a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.They may either kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria. A limited number of antibiotics also possess antiprotozoal activity. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses such as the common cold or influenza, and their inappropriate use allows the emergence of resistant organisms.
  • Drugs which inhibit viruses are termed antiviral drugs or antivirals rather than antibiotics.

Common Drugs & Their Uses



Drugs/Medicine
Use
Anaesthetics
It is a drug that induces insensitivity to pain.
Antiflatulent
It is a drug that reduces intestinal gas.
Antipyretics
It is a drug used to lower body temperature.
Analgesics
It is a drug that is used to prevent or relieve pain. Eg. Aspirin.
Antibiotics
It is a drug that inhibits the growth of or destroys micro-organisms. Eg. Penicillin.
Antihistamines
It is a drug used to relieve symptoms of cold and allergies.
Antispasmodic
It is a drug used to relieve spasm of involuntary muscle usually in stomach.
Antacid
It is a drug used for preventing or correcting acidity, especially in the stomach.
Diuretics
It is a drug that promotes the production of urine.
Laxative
It is a drug used to provide relief in constitpation.

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