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Important History Questions for SSC PSC PCS Railway Exam

History Capsule Railway SSC State PSC

1" Barid-i-Mamalik" was a department established by Shershah Suri. What this department dealt with -->Intelligence

2 " Kariraj" was a title to given whom and by whom --> Akbar to Birbal

3 " Mansur " was a great painter in whose reign in Mughal Era --> Jahangir

4 " Mulk-e-Kadim" was other name of which kingdom --> Maratha Kingdom

5 " Sardar Malla" a leader of farmer's revolt in 1857 hailed from which place------> Mysore

6 " Sulva Sutras" are related to which branch of mathematics --> Geometry

7 " What was Bhandarvada" --> land of Marathas known as in Medieval India

8 ‘Let no man ask a man’s sect or caste’. Whose dictum was this? – Ramananda

9“The best and bravest of the military leader of the rebels”- about whom was this said by Sir Hugh Rose? –Rani of Jhansi

10 12 rules of conduct " Dastur-ul-Amal were of which Mughal emperor --> Jahangir

11 Ancient Monuments Preservation Act was passed during which Viceroyalty? – Curzon

12 By which ruler was the practice of military governorship first introduced in India? – Greeks

13 By whom was Agra Fort built? – Akbar

14 By whom was Din-i-Ilahi was accepted? – Birbal

15 By whom was 'Panchatantra' written? – Vishnu Sharma

16 By whom was Saka era founded? – Kanishka

17 By whom was the Bhakti Movement first organised? – Ramananda

18 By whom was the coin rupia first issued? – Sher Shah

19 By whom were the triratnas were stressed? – Mahavira

20 Din-E-Illahi was a religion founded by which emperor --> Akbar

21 During India’s Freedom Struggle, which led to the first ‘All India Hartal’? – Protest against Rowlatt Act

22 During the Medieval India who was the only Hindu King to sit on throne of Delhi --> Hemu

23 During the reign of Iltutmish which was a silver coin in use? – Tanka

24 During which reign was Kalidasa lived? – Chandragupta II

25 During which reign was the Purana Qila constructed? – Sher Shah

26 During which time was Gandhara school of art developed? – Mauryas

27 For which the word Mansab stood? – a rank

28 Fraser commission in 1902 was related to reforms in --> Police

29 From when Saka era started? – 78 A.D.

30 From when Vikrama era started? – 57 B.C.

31 From which mines Kohinoor Diamond was found --> Golkunda

32 From which ruler did Albuquerque capture Goa? – Bijapur

33 Hartog Commission was for the reforms in the area of which field --> Education

34 How many forts were returned by Shivaji in Purandhar Treaty --> 23 out of 35 forts

35 How was the Gupta administration? – Monarchial

36 How many hymns does the Rigveda consists? – 1028

37 In Rigvedic society, which was unknown? – Child marriage

38 In the second round table conference, who represented Congress --> Mahatma Gandhi

39 In which Aryans first settled? – Punjab

40 In which battle Porus was defeated by Alexander? – Hydaspes

41 In which field did Indians in ancient time learn a lot from the Greeks? – Music

42 In which Indian city did Shivaji marry --> Bangalore

43 In which nomad man started settling? – Neolithic Age

44 In which province Muslim League formed their first government after 1946 elections --> Bengal

45 In which province, the first signs of unrest appeared early in 1857 --> Bengal

46 In which state had Gautama Buddha had attained Mahaparinirvan? – Malia

47 In which was Rani Lakshmi Bai died fighting the British? – Kalpi

48 In which year did Annie Besant enjoy the Presidentship of the INC? – 1917

49 In which year did Ashoka the Great conquered Kalinga? – 261 B.C.

50 In which year did the first war of Indian Independence took place --> 1857

51 In which year Queen Victoria's Proclamation assuming the Government of India took place --> 1858

52 In which year was Goa captured by the Portuguese? – 1510 A.D.

53 In which year was the Indus Valley Civilisation discovered? – 1921

54 Kitab-i-rehla is a work by a foreign traveler as an account of his travels. What is the name --> Ibn Batutah

55 Mansabdari system was started by Akbar after which victory --> Gujarat Victory

56Marco Polo who traveled India during 1298-1292 AD from Italy. During whose reign did he come -->Pandya

57 Nalanda University flourished during the reign of which ruler? – Harsha

58Near the banks of which river excavations have brought to light that Indus Valley Civilization percolated to far south? – Krishna

59 Of which influence does the sculptures of the Gandhara school reflect? – Greeks

60 Of which thing were the Indus Valley houses built? – Bricks

61 Of which treaty was the Third Carnatic War ended? – Parts

62 Of whom was Tulsidas was a contemporary? – Akbar

63 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born in which year? – 1889

64 Tahqiq-i-hind was a work of which foreign traveler --> Al Beruni

65 The capital of India was shifted to Delhi during which reign? – Hardinge

66 The Chipko movement was found to save trees from destruction. By what name was it known in Karnataka--> Appikon Movement

67 The Doctrine of Lapse was an annexation policy devised by which Governor General of India --> Lord Dalhousie

68 The famous Bull Seal of Indus Valley Civilization is found at which place --> Mohen Jo Dero

69 The Government of India has decided to declare river as ‘National River’? – Ganga

70 The Hindi classic Padmavat was a work by a Muslim Writer. Name him --> Malik Muhammad Jaisi

71 The King Kanishka held a great Buddhist Council under whose presidentship? – Vasurnitra

72The Montague-Chelmsford Reforms were reforms introduced by the British Government in India in 1919.

73 This Indian ruler collected taxes labelled as ‘chauth’ and ‘sardeshmukhi’ --> Shivaji

74 Timur invaded India during which reign? – Nasiruddin Mehmud

75 To avenge whose death did Bhagat Singh shoot and kill General Saunders --> Lala Lajpat Rai

76 To which veda does Ayurveda owe its origin? – Yajurveda

77 To whom is the phrase 'The Light of Asia' applied? – Buddha

78 To whom the 'Yavanas' refer? – Greeks

79 To whom was the title 'Devanam Priya' given? – Ashoka

80 Tradition has it that By whom was Ajatasatru instigated to murder his father? – Devadatta
81 Tulsidas wrote Ramacharitamanas during the which reign? – Akbar

82 Upanishads, also known as the Vedanta, are How many are these upanishads? – 108

83Ustad Mansur as a painter started his career during the last few years of which mughal emperor reign as a minor painter --> Akbar

84 What do the Ajanta paintings depict? – scenes from the Jatakas

85 What was the court language of Mughals? – Persian

86 What was the greatest invention of man in Palaeolithic Age? – Fire

87 What was the importance of Mallik Amber in Maratha Kingdom --> he gave training of Guerilla war to Marathas

88 What was the original name of Swami Dayananda Saraswati? – Mula Shankar

89 What was the script used in the earliest Tamil inscriptions? – Brahmi

90 What was the source of the blue gem stone, lapis lazuli, for the people of Harappan culture? –Afghanistan

91 When did the British Govt. start ruling India directly? – After Sepoy Mutiny

92 Where are the Relics of Buddha preserved? – In Stupa

93 Where did Alexander die? – Babylon

94 Where has the use of plough been evidenced? – Kalibangan

95 Where was the Arya Samaj setup for the first time in 1875 ? – Bombay

96 Which ‘Englishmen was fellow of Gandhiji in South Africa? – Polak

97 Which ancient Mahajanapadas was located on the bank of Yamuna? – Vatsa

98 Which animal had the Stone Age people first? – sheep

99 Which are Tile earliest Buddhist literature that deal with the stories of the various birth of Buddha? –Jatakas

100 Which British General was responsible for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre --> General Dyer

101 Which edicts mentions the personal name of Ashoka? – Maski

102 Which famous organisation in the history of Indian independence was founded by Rashbehari Bose --> INA

103 Which first Indian leader to undergo imprisonment in 1882? – C. Vijiaraghavachari

104 Which historical source attributed to Megasthenese? – Indica

105 Which Indian rulers was a contemporary of Akbar? – Rani Durgawati

106 Which is the oldest surviving newspaper in India? – Bombay Samachar

107 Which language was used in the literature of Sangam period? – Tamil

108 Which leader of the Revolution of 1857 had the real name of Ram Chandra Pandurang? – Tatiya Tope

109Which leader succumbed to injuries in a lathi charge during a protest against the Simon Commission in 1928 --> Lala Lajpat Rai

110 Which medieval book was written by Gulbadan Begum --> Humayunnama

111 Which Mughal emperor gave land for the construction of the Golden Temple at Amritsar? – Akbar

112 Which of India's greatest freedom fighters got his name because his family were originally sellers of perfume --> Gandhi from Gandha

113 Which Philosophy holds that the world is created and maintained by Universal Law? – Jain Philosophy

114 Which pioneer was in preaching Nirguna Bhakti in medieval India? – Ramananda

115 Which ports handled the north Indian trade during the Gupta period? – Broach

116 Which region of India was ruled by Sultan Zainul Abidin? – Kashmir

117 Which region of northern India was not included in the empire of Ala-ud-din Khalji ? – Kashmir

118 Which religion got spread in different parts of Asia? – Buddhism

119 Which ruler died while playing 'Chaugan' ? – Jalal-ud-din-Khilji

120 Which rulers fought the fourth Anglo-Mysore in which he was killed? – Tipu Sultan
121 Which Sikh Guru called himself the ‘Sachcha Badshah’? – Guru Hargovind

122 Which was not a kingdom in ancient India? – Hampi

123 Which was the Capital of Mughal Empire --> Delhi

124 Which was the capital of the kingdom of Maharaja Ranjit Singh? – Lahore

125 Which was the first English ship that came to India? – Red Dragon

126 Which was the ma or source of royal income in medieval north India? – Jaziyah

127 Which was the main characteristic of the later Vedic age? – Caste system

128 Which was the most important factor in transforming ancient Indian society into feudal society? – Practice of land grants

129 Who adopted the policy of " Hindu-pad-padshahi" --> Balaji Vishwanath

130 Who authored the Tamil epic 'Silappadikaram'? – Ilango

131 Who com merited that Cripps Mission was a postdated cheque on a crashing bank? – Mahatma Gandhi

132 Who earned the title of a 'Liberator'? – Ashoka

133 Who established Dal Khalsa --> Kapur Singh

134 Who established TatvaBodhini Sabha --> Devendra Nath Tagore

135 Who founded the Banaras Hindu University? – Madan Mohan Malviya

136 Who gave the slogan ‘Inquilab Zindabad’? – Iqbal

137 Who gave the town Masulipatnam to the French? – Salabat Jang

138 Who has been called the 'Napoleon of India'? – Samudragupta

139 Who is associated with the Local Self- Government Act? – Ripon

140 Who is known as the ‘Grand Old Man of India'? – Dadabhai Naoroji

141 Who is the expounder of yoga philosophy? – Patanjali

142 Who laid the foundation of Rashtrakuta Empire? – Dantidurga

143 Who led Vaikom Satyagraha in 1924? – K. P. Kesava Menon

144 Who organised a Maratha confederacy against the English leading to the Third Anglo-Maratha War? – The Peshwa

145 Who said, “Ram and Rahim are the two different name of the same God” ? – Kabir

146 Who started Kuka Movement in 1840 --> Guru Ram Singh

147 Who was called by the British rulers as the leader of Indian unrest? – Bal Gangadhar Tilak

148 Who was called Zinda Pir (living saint) in Mughal India? – Aurangzeb

149 Who was contemporary of Namdev? – Sena

150 Who was not a contemporary of the 'Other three? – Milinda

151 Who was the Afghan ruler of India whose administrative system was emulated by the British? – Sher Shah

152 Who was the first Muslim ruler in India? – Muhammad Ghori

153 Who was the first to adopt Din-i-ilahi --> Birbal

154 Who was the founder of the French East India Company? – Colbert

155 who was the last of the 24th Jain Tirthankaras? – Mahavira

156 Who was the last ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate? – Nasir-ud-din-Mahmud

157 Who was the leader of 1857 mutiny in Assam --> Diwan Mani Ram Datta

158 Who was the leader of the Jat revolt against Aurangzeb --> Gokul

159 Who was the leader of the revolt of 1857 in Kanpur --> Nana Saheb

160 Who was the leader of the Young Bengal Movement? – Henry Vivian Derozio

161 Who was the originator of Indian Awakening --> Raja Ram Mohan Roy

162 Who was the pioneer social reformer? – Raja Ram Mohan Roy

163 Who was the Sultan of Delhi who is reputed to have built the biggest network of canals in India? – Feroze Shan Tughlaq

164 Who was Tipu Sultan`s father --> Hyder Ali

165 Whose disciple was Kabir? – Ramananda

166 Whose reign was called the Golden Age of Mughal Era --> Shahjahan

167 Why did Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq transfer his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad? – To control South India better

168 With which man Al Beruni came to India? – Mahmud of Ghazni

169 With which period do we associate the 'megaliths'? – Neolithic

170 With which religion is Kalvalya associated? – Jainism

171 In Sanskrit plays written during Gupta period women and Shudras speak? Prakrit

172 Aim of education as stated by the Wood's despatch of 1854 was The spread of Western Education in India

173 Akbar's famous revenue minister was Todarmal

174 Another Home League was started by Annie Besant and S Subramania Iyer (25 September 1916) at Madras

175 Arya Samaj was founded by Swami Dayananda Saraswati

176 Asiatic Society of Bengal was founded by William Jones

177 August Resolution was passed by Lord Linlithiago

178 Banabhatta was the court poet of harshvardhana

179 BANDE MATARAM newspaper was started by Bipin Chandra Pal

180Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt dropped bomb in the Legislative Assembly on 8 April 1929

181 British Governor introduced Postage Stamp in India Lord Dalhousie

182 Buddha was born at Lumbini

183 Charak was the famous court Physician of Kanishka

184 Civil Services was brought into existence in India by Lord Cornwallis

185 Court Dancer Book is written by Rabindranath Tagore

186 Devadas is written by Sarat Chandra Chatterjee

187 During British rule which official did the registration of land in Uttar Pradesh ? Lekhapal

188 Father of Modern India Raja Ram Mohan Roy

189 First All India Kisan Sabha formed at Lucknow

190 First and last Indian Governor General of free India C Rajagopalchari

191 First Governor General and Viceroy of British India was Lord Canning

192 First Independence Day Observed on 26-Jan-30

193 First Indian to get selected in ICS Satendra Nath Tagore

194 First meeting of the All India Trade Union Congress was founded in 1920 with Lala Lajpat Rai as its first president

195 First Muslim President of Indian National Congress was Badruddin Tayabji

196 First President of Indian National Congress was W.C.Banenerji

197 First published paper was Bengali Gazette

198 First Railway line in India was opened in the year 1853

199 First railway line were laid down in India under Lord Dalhousie

200 First session of Indian National Congress at Bombay, 1885 (28-31 December)

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