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Important History Question with Answer

Indian History and Indian National Movement questions

History Question Answer One Liner

History Questions
In which year Akbar assumed actual control over the administration of his empire
The English East India Company founded a permanent factory at Surat in which year
On 13th April of which year Guru Gobind Singh established Khalsa
In which year did the Peshwa became the official head of Maratha administration
1748 A D
When was the monopoly of East India Company in trade brought under the control of the British Crown
1773 A D
In which year was Vande Mataram first sung at the session of the Indian National Congress
In which year was the Indus Valley Civilisation discovered
When did East African Development Bank come into force
What was the rate of land revenue as ‘given in the dharma shastras
The Arab conquest of Sind took place in which year
712 A D
With how many volunteers did Gandhiji start on his famous Dandi march on March 12, 1930
The term nishka, which meant an ornament in the Vedic period, was used in latertirnes, what did it denote
A coin
What are the main channels of our knowledge about the Indus Valley Civilization
A r c h a e o l o g i c a l excavations
The Portuguese traveller, Nuniz visited Vijayanagar during the reign of which rular
Achyuta Raya
Where did Shahjahan build the Moti Masjid
Which inscription mentions Pulkesin II’s military success against Harshavardhana
Aihole Inscription
Which Mughal Emperor gave land for the construction of the Golden Temple at Amritsar
During which reign was the East India Company founded in London
Who was the Mughal Emperor to have lifted the Jaziya on Hindus
Who established Diwan-i-Mustakharaj (Department of Arrears)
Alauddin Khalji
Under which Sultan, Khalisa land increased considerably
Alauddin Khilji
Which Muslim emperor was attracted by the beauty of Queen Padmini
Alauddin Khilji
Which ruler in India challenged the authority of the Ulemas or Muslim clergy
Alauddin Khilji
By whom was the ‘Tahqiq-i-Hind’, a famous literary work, written
Which Tomar ruler is credited to have established Delhi
The Kalachuri era counted from A D 248 what was mostly in currnet
By whom was the Home Rule Movement in India was started
Annie Besant and Tilak
The religious literature of the Jains at the early stage was written in which language
Before ascending the Maurya throne, Ashoka served as
As a Viceroy of Taxila
Who earned the title of a ‘Liberator’
Who was the greatest Buddhist commentator of the Buddhist canonical literature
Where was a copper chariot of Harappa times was discovered
At Daimabad
Which Veda throws light on the beliefs and practices of the non-Aryans
Who was called Zinda Pir (living saint) in Mughal India
Under whose reign did Mughal Empire extend up to Tamil territory in the South
Which Mughal ruler banned music and dancing
During the reign of emperor was the artillery most perfect and numerous
The Maratha Chief, Sambhaji was executed during which reign
The number of wives of which Mughal ruler ‘fell short even of the Quranic allowance of four’
The Maratha kingdom was founded by Shivaji during which reign
Aurangzeb I
Whose tomb is ‘Biwi Ka Maqbara’
Aurangzeb’s wife
Which was a revolutionary who later turned into a yogi and a philosopher
Aurobindo Ghosh
The ruler of which State was removed from power by the British on the protext of misgovernance
Who was the first Muslim President of Indian National Congress
Badruddin Tyyabji
When Akbar was young, Who was his guardian
Bairam Khan
The Maratha power reached its zenith during which Peshwaship
Balaji II
Who was the first Sultan of Delhi to introduce the practice of ‘Sijda’
Who destroyed the group of Forty Nobles
In the Interim Government formed in the year 1946, who held the portfolio of Defence
Baldev Singh      
Where has the world’s largest monolithic statue of Buddha been installed
The ruler which was not invited to join the confederacy to fight against Vijaynagar in the battle of Talikota
By whom was the rare work on architecture, Samarangana Sutradhara written
Bhoja Paramara
From which ruler did Albuquerque capture Goa
During which reign did both Vardhaman Mahavira and Gautama Buddha preach their doctrines
Which ruler was known as Amitraghata, the ‘destroyer of foes’
What was the script used in the earliest Tamil inscriptions
Which ports handled the north Indian trade during the Gupta period
By which method is the age of most ancient geological formations estimated
C4 method
With whom was the last opportunity to avoid the partition of India lost
Cabinet Mission
Where was first Madarasa set up by the British in India
Vatapi was the capital of the which reign
At which one place did Mahatma Gandhi first start his Satyagraha in India
During which movement was ‘Mahatma’ added before Gandhiji’s name
Champaran satyagraha
Which historical personality of India is also known as Vishnugupta
To which work is Devichandraguptam related
Chandra Gupta II
Which ruler was adorned with the title of ‘Maharajadhiraja’ (King of Kings)
Chandragupta I
During which reign was Kalidasa lived
Chandragupta II
Who is most famous for” the establishment of an elaborate system of municipal administration
Chandragupta Maurya
Kautilya was the Prime Minister of which Indian ruler
Chandragupta Maurya
Which Mauryan emperor abdicated his throne and migrated to the south to live as Jain ascetic
Chandragupta Maurya
Who is considered as the first national ruler of India
Chandragupta Maurya
Which Gupta ruler was equally great in the art of peace, wars and personal accomplishment
Who is considered to be the father of Ayurveda
Who was the first European to translate the Bhagwad Gita into English
Charles Wilkins
When the first metal tool came into being why was it used for
Clearing jungles
Which element of Hinduism was practised in the Indus Valley Civilization
Cult of Shiva
Who was the first General-Secretary of the Indian National Congress
Dadabhai Naoroji
By whom was Swaraj as a national demand first made
Dadabhai Naoroji
By whom was the first estimate of national income in India made
Dadabhai Naoroji
Who was thrice elected President of the Indian National Congress
Dadabhai Naoroji
Which is the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India
Damodar Valley Corporation
Who laid the foundation of Rashtrakuta Empire
The Upanishads were translated into Persian by the orders of which rular
Dara Shikoh
Who was the last ruler of Sunga dynasty
Recently reserves of diamond have been reported in Madhya Pradesh from which place
Who, was the Nanda ruler at the time of Alexander’s invasion
Dhana Nanda
What are the brothers Umakant and Ramakant Gundecha
Dhrupad vocalists
Who got the ‘Bharat Ratna’ award, before becoming the President of India
Dr Zakir Hussain
Which Rajput mansabdar revolted against Aurangzeb
Durgadas Rathore
When was the Indus Valley Civilization flourished
During 2500-1750 B C
During the Mughal period which trader first came to India
Which is the first company-managed major port in India
What was Sher Shah’s real name
Where is Buland Darwaza situated
Fatehpur Sikri
Who was the Sultan of Delhi who is reputed to have built the biggest network of canals in India
Feroze Shan Tughlaq
By whom was the ‘Shahnama’ written
Which Sultan of Delhi imposed Jazfya on the Brahmins also
Firoz Tughlaq
Who was known as ‘Lady with Lamp’
Florence Nightingale
In where were Bengal the headquarters of East India Company located
Fort William
Which European were the last to come- to pre-independence India as traders
Which Europeans, were the last to come to pre-independence India as traders
Prithviraj Chauhan belonged to which Rajput dynasty
Which reservoir is constructed on Chambal
Gandhi Sagar
Who attended the Second Round Table Conference as the representative of the Congress
Who was the first Englishman to preside over a Congress session
George Yule
Where has the largest concentration of Harappan sites been found
Which is the most malleable metal
Which reformer from Maharashtra was known as Lokhitavadi
Gopal Hari Deshmukh
In the Vedic society, which was the term used to denote a group of families
By which was Yavanika (Curtain) introduced in Indian theatre
To whom the ‘Yavanas’ refer
Who contributed the Chalukya in Western India
Under the leadership of which Guru did the Sikh become a political and military force
Guru Gobind Singh
By whom was the Sikh Khalsa founded
Guru Gobind Singh
Which Sikh Guru called himself the ‘Sachcha Badshah’
Guru Hargovind
In whose court was a Chinese embassy sent by Tang emperor
Kula, Kufri, Kajjair and Dalhousie are all tourists place of which state
Himachal Pradesh
Which forms the western boundary of the Indian sub-continent
Which was common both to the Harappan society and the Rigvedic society
Who was defeated at kannauj in the hands of Sher Shah in 1540
Mughal dynasty was to Bahadur Shah ‘Zafar’ as Lodi dynasty was to which ruler
Ibrahim Lodi
During whose reign did the Mongols first invaded India
By whom was the structure of Qutab Minar was completed
Who was a contemporary of Chingiz Khan
When did the concept of pollution emerge clearly
In the Post-Vedic period
What is the name of the group of languages spoken by the largest number of people in India
Between which was the ancient town of Takshasila located
Indus and Jhelum
Who started the newspaper Shome Prakash
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
Bhakt Tukaram was a contemporary of which Mughal emperor
By whom was Nishat Garden built
Of which Religion-wise the sculpture were found at Kankali tila in Mathura
With which religion is Kalvalya associated
Which ruler died while playing ‘Chaugan’
Who deciphered the Brahmi script
James Princep
Which are Tile earliest Buddhist literature that deal with the stories of the various birth of Buddha
Which Kingdom was annexed by Bahlol Lodi, the Sultan of Delhi, in 1484 AD
Who is the author of the book ‘Glimpses of World History’
Jawaharlal Nehru
Who advocated the policy of abolishing princely states in free India
Jawaharlal Nehru
Who is the longest serving Chief Minister in India
Jyoti Basu
On the ruins of which Hindu kingdom was the kingdom of Golconda founded
What was the pen name of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhaye
Kamla Kant
Who was well-known patron of the Mahayana of Buddhism
Which state was in the development of hydroelectricity the pioneering state
Which region of India was ruled by Sultan Zainul Abidin
Which region of northern India was not included in the empire of Ala-ud-din Khalji
A Buddhist Council during the reign of Kanishka was held at which place
By whom was the Civil Disobedience Movement led in the North-West Frontier Province
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Who was a great ruler of Kalinga in ancient times
Lathyrism is caused by excessive consumption of which thing
Khesari Dal
Near the banks of which river excavations have brought to light that Indus Valley Civilization percolated to far south
When Babur invaded India who was the ruler of Vijayanagara empire in South India
Krishna Deva Raya
Which Rashtrakuta ruler established a victory pillar in Rameshwaram
Krishna III
Which dynasty was associated with Gandhara school of Art
Who is associated with Tashkent Agreement
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Why is Sher Shah is well known for his administrative skill,
Land revenue system
By whom was the first republic of the world established in Vaishali
Who was the Viceroy of India at the time of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
Lord Chelmsford
The Cabinet Mission to India headed by
Lord Pethick Lawrence
Who is the Father of local self government in India
Lord Ripon
By whom was the practice of Sati was declared illegal
Lord William Bentinck
During the reign of which Indian National Congress banned and over 1,20,000 persons were arrested
Lord Willingdon
Which Harappan site had a dock
During the freedom struggle, who established ‘The Deccan Educational Society’
M G Ranade
Who appointed Ibn Batuta as the Chief Qazi of Delhi
M o h a m m a d - b i n - Tughlaq
The world famous ‘Khajuraho’ sculptures are located in which State
Madhya Pradesh
Who was the President of the First Buddhist Council held at Rajagriha
Who was the founder of the Nanda dyansty
Mahapadma Nanda
Who is often described as the second ‘Parasurama’ or the exterminator of the entire kshatriya race
Who com merited that Cripps Mission was a postdated cheque on a crashing bank
Mahatma Gandhi
Who was the last of the 24th Jain Tirthankaras
In ancient India, Nalanda University was a great centre for the study of which religion
Mahayana Buddhism
In which state had Gautama Buddha had attained Mahaparinirvan
Which General of Ala-ud-din Khilji, was known as the Rustam of the age and the hero of the time
Malik Kafur
Who was the leader to have the unique distinction of firing the first shot in the rebellion of 1857
Mangal Pande
In India, where did the Dutch establish their earliest factory
Who also had the name Devanama Piyadasi
Mauryan King Ashoka
Where was the sepoys revolted openly in 1857
Who stated that there was no slavery in India
Who was the famous Indo-Greek king who embraced Buddhism
Bhopal gas tragedy struck in the year 1984 due to the leakage of which gas
Who succeeded Siraj-ud-Daulah as Nawab of Bengal after the Battle of Plassey
Mir Jafar
Which was the medieval ruler who was the first to establish a ministry of agriculture
Mohammad Bin Tughlaq
Who first voiced the idea of a separate Muslim state in India
Mohammad Iqbal
Who opposed Mahatma Gandhi’s association with the Khilafat movement
Mohammed Alix Jinnah
Which Indus citiy was known for water management
The Mansabdari system introduced by Akbar from which system was it borrowed from
Which Urdu poets was invited, to the Second and Third Round Table Conference
Muhammad Iqbal
Who was last Mughal emperor to sit on the peacock throne
Muhammad Shah
By whom was the first Muslim invasion of India lead
What was the original name of Swami Dayananda Saraswati
Mula Shankar
Which was the last governor of Bengal appointed by the Mughal emperor
Murshid Quli Khan
In which field did Indians in ancient time learn a lot from the Greeks
Who taught the doctrine of Shunyata (Shunyavad)
During the reign of which Pallava ruler did the Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang visit Kanchi
Narasimhavaram I
In ancient peninsular India, who assumed the title ‘Vatapikonda’
Who was the last ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate
In which nomad man started settling
Neolithic Age
On which thing did the Buddhism and Jainism both give stress
During the Sangam Age which dynasty was not in power
Who was the British PM at the time of Revolt of 1857
Sirajuddaulah was defeated by Lord Clive in which battle
Which ‘Englishmen was fellow of Gandhiji in South Africa
By whom was Island of Bombay was given to the English Prince Charles II as dowry
Which first Europeans came to India
Which was the most important factor in transforming ancient Indian society into feudal society
Practice of land grants
What was the language of the Satavahana inscription
Which Rajputa king defeated Muhammad Ghori for the first time
Prithviraj III
What is the name by which Ashoka is generally referred to in his inscriptions
During India’s Freedom Struggle, which led to the first ‘All India Hartal’
Protest against Rowlatt Act
The great grammarian Patanjali of ancient India was contemporary of
Pushyamitra Sunga
Who built Char Minar
Quli Qutb Shah
What was the real name of Tantiya Tope
R a m c h a n d r a Panduranga
Where was Shivaji crowned as an independent king
The vedic deity Indra was the god of which thing
Rain and thunder
When Akbar was born, Humayun was under the shelter of which king
Raja of Amarkot
The titles of ‘Mummadi Chola’, ‘Cholamartanda’ and ‘Raja Kesari Aromoli’ were assumed by which Chola ruler
Which Chola king fought against the Shailendia king of Shri Vijaya and defeated him
Rajendra Chola I
Which Chola ruler converted the Bay of Bengal into a ‘Chela lake’
Rajendra I
In ancient India, at where was the earliest capital of Magadha kingdom
Which archaeologist initially discovered the Mohenjodaro site of the Indus Valley Civilization
Rakhal Das Banerji
Which saint name is associated with Shivaji
Ram Das
Who set up the Atmiya Sabha in Kolkata in the first half of the nineteenth century
Ram Mohan Roy
Which site, where Ashokan pillars exist, has the bull capital
Who was the British Prime Minister at the time of the Second Round Table Conference
Ramsay Macdonald
What was the original name of Tansen, the most famous musician at the court of Akbar
Ramtanu Pande
By whom was the famous ‘Kirti Stambha’ at Chittor built
Rana Kumbha
After whose name was a women’s division of the Indian National Army named
Rani Jhansi
“The best and bravest of the military leader of the rebels” about whom was this said by Sir Hugh Rose
Rani of Jhansi
Who was the first and the last woman ruler of Delhi
Razia Sultan
Purushsukta is a part of which veda
Which veda contains the Gayatri Mantra
With which external trade of the Sangam were people carried on
What was the first venture of Gandhiji in all-India politics
Rowlatt Satyagraha
Which silver coins Issued by the Guptas
From where did Mahatma Gandhi start his historic Dandi March
Sabarmati Ashram
Who commanded the Maratha army in the third battle of Panipat
Sadashiv Rao Bhau
Which lake in India has the highest water salinity
Who has been called the ‘Napoleon of India’
Who organised Ashwamedha Yajna in Gupta Period
Which Gupta ruler was a poet and a musician and was adorned with the title of Kaviraja or King of poets
Who was responsible for the integration of Indian Princely States
Sardar Patel
Which State was first annexed by Lord Dalhousie under the Doctrine of Lapse
Uplift of the backward classes was the main programme of which family
Satyashodhak Samaj
The Gayatri Mantra contained in the Rigveda is dedicated to which deity
In Indus Valley, which one indicates the commercial and economic development
Rigveda is divided into 10 books Which books are the oldest
Second and seventh
Which battle was fought in 1192 A D
Second Battle of Tarain
Who was contemporary of Namdev
Which ruler had granted Diwani to the East India company
Shah Alam II
During which ruler were Upanishads translated into Persian
Shah Jahan
Who deserves the credit for contruction of Lal Quila
Who was the earliest Sufi Saint to have settled at Ajmer
Sheikh Moinuddin Chisti
During which reign was the Purana Qila constructed
Sher Shah
By whom was the Sarak-i-Azam which ran from the Indus to Sonargaon (in Bangladesh) built
Sher Shah
‘Padmavat’ of Malik Muhammad Jaisi, a notable, work in Hindi, was completed during which reign
Sher Shah
Who was the Afghan ruler of India whose administrative system was emulated by the British
Sher Shah Suri
Which ruler at first assumed the title of ‘Hazrat-i-Ala’ and afterwards ‘Sultan’
Sher Shah Suri
The Maratha power reached the zenith of its glory during which reign
Tejaswini Sawant is the first Indian woman to be crowned World Champion in which sports
By whom was the city of Agra founded in 1504
Sikandar Lodi
By whom was the Asiatic Society established in Calcutta
Sir William Jones
Which Rajput dynasties did not surrender to Akbar
Which Gupta king is famous for his courageous stand against the Hunas
Skanda Gupta
The code of conduct of the Vedic society was laid out in which text
Ban-Ki-Moon the Secretary general of UNO belongs to which country
South Korea
In which country was Buddhism first propogated outside India
Which philosophical system was founded by Vallabhacharya
Who ruler was the builder of Jahan-Panah, Delhi’s fourth city
Sultan Muhammad-bin- Tughlaq
Who led the agitation against the Partition of Bengal (1905)
Surendranath Banerjee
Who was the first Indian to get selected in ICS
Surendranath Banerjee
Which first movement was launched against the British in India
Swadeshi Movement
By whom was Shuddhi movement (conversion of non-Hindus to Hinduism) started
Swami Dayanand Saraswati
‘Man-The Maker of His Own Destiny’ book was written by which person
Swami Vivekananda
Who among the following had led the Swadeshi Movement in Delhi
Syed Haider Raza
Which leader of the Revolution of 1857 had the real name of Ram Chandra Pandurang
Tatiya Tope
What are Brahmanas
Texts on sacrificial rituals
Which school of paintings developed independently during the Mughal Period
The Bijapur School
What is the meaning of ‘Buddha’
The Enlightened one
By whom was the largest grant of villages to temples and brahmanas given
The Guptas
Who organised a Maratha confederacy against the English leading to the Third Anglo Maratha War
The Peshwa
A radio broadcast from Delhi on Monday at 7 30 p m it is heard at New York on which day
The same day at 7 30 a m
Which of the British Officials defeated Portuguese at Sowlley
Thomas Best
Which Indian ruler established embassies in foreign countries on modern lines
Tipu Sultan
Why did Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq transfer his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad
To control South India better
What was the main characteristic of the Indus Valley Civilization
Town planning
What was the script of Indus Valley Civilization
Which Bhakti saint wrote the commentary on Vedanta sutras in Sanskrit
Which was the last Buddhist text produced in India
Which God lost his importance as the first deity during the Later Vedic period
A Fortgotten Empire’, written by the renowned historian Robert Sewell, is about which Empire
Vijaynagar Empire
Who had started ‘Mitra Mela’ Association
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
Chandragupta Maurya figures prominently in whose book
Which decisive battle was fought during the Third Carnatic War between the English and the French
What was the capital of Kakatiya dynasty
Who was impeached in England for his actions in India
Warren Hastings
Who was the first Governor General of Bengal
Warren Hastings
What were the two colossal images of the Buddha at Bamiyan
Works of the Gupta Art
Which of the Vedas was divided into ‘White’ and ‘Black’ parts
Which Land tenure systems was introduced by Lord Cornwallis
Who was the daughter of Emperor Aurangzeb
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