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Ordinance Making Power of President and Governors |  Mangroves Cover in India |  Coral Reefs in India |  Seasons and Climate in India |  Constitutional and Statutory Bodies in India |  Rock Edicts of Ashoka |  Types of Motions in Parliamentary Procedure |  Types of Majorities in Parliament |  Pressure Groups in World and India |  Order of Precedence |  Types of Rocks |  Treaties in Indian History |  Types of Rocks |  Features of Indian Economy |  Geographical Indications |  Ancient History Terminology and Meanings |  Schedules of the Constitution |  Nuclear Power Plants in India List  |  Types of Clouds for SSC CGL | Nuclear Power Plants in India ListTypes of Ocean CurrentsStructure: Layers of EarthAPPSC Group 1 Answer KeySSC JE 2017 QUESTION PAPEROne Word Substitution for SSC and Bank ExamsMPSC Answer Key 2017 2017Layers of AtmosphereMPSC Answer Key 2017 2017BPSC Solved Question Paper 2017MPPSC Solved Question Paper 2017GST Bill IndiaDelhi SultanateLaw Commission of IndiaOscar Awards Winner 2017 ListDiseases in CropsCommon Drugs and UsesDifferent Types of Deserts in WorldUPSC Civil Services Exam-2016 Answer KeyUPSC CAPF Exam-2016 Answer Key | UPPSC UPPER Subordinate Exam-2016 Answer Key

Tuesday, 9 May 2017

Highest and Lowest Points in Each Continent

  MOHAMMAD ZEESHAN       Tuesday, 9 May 2017

Continents Highest and Lowest Points

» A continent is one of the several very large landmasses on Earth. Generally identified by convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are commonly regarded as continents. Ordered from largest in size to smallest, they are Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia.
» Islands are frequently grouped with a neighbouring continent to divide all the world's land into geopolitical regions. Under this scheme, most of the island countries and territories in the Pacific Ocean are grouped together with the continent of Australia to form a geopolitical region called Oceania.
» The following table lists the seven continents with their highest and lowest points on land, sorted in decreasing highest points.

Extreme elevations (Highest & Lowest) per continent

Continent
Highest point
Elevation (m)
Elevation (ft)
Country or territory containing highest point
Lowest point
Elevation (m)
Elevation (ft)
Country or territory containing lowest point
Asia
Mount Everest
8,848
29,029
China and Nepal
Dead Sea
−427
−1,401
Israel and Jordan
South America
Aconcagua
6,960
22,830
Argentina
Laguna del Carbón
−105
−344
Argentina
North America
Denali
6,198
20,335
United States
Death Valley †
−86
−282
United States
Africa
Mount Kilimanjaro
5,895
19,341
Tanzania
Lake Assal
−155
−509
Djibouti
Europe
Mount Elbrus
5,642
18,510
Russia
Caspian Sea
−28
−92
Russia
Antarctica
Vinson Massif
4,892
16,050
(none)
Deep Lake, Vestfold Hills †
−50
−160
(none)
Australia
Puncak Jaya
4,884
16,024
Indonesia (Papua)
Lake Eyre
−15
−49
Australia

† The lowest exposed points are given for North America and Antarctica. The lowest non-submarine bedrock elevations in these continents are the trough beneath Jakobshavn Glacier (−1,512 metres (−4,961 ft)) and Bentley Subglacial Trench (−2,540 metres (−8,330 ft)), but these are covered by kilometers of ice.

What makes up a continent?

continent is a large landmass on Earth that is distinguished by a separation from other land by water or by a distinct cultural difference. Earth has a total of seven continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia and Antarctica.

How many continents are there in the world?

By convention there are seven continents: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia, and Antarctica. Some geographers list only six continents, combining Europe and Asia into Eurasia.

How many countries are in each continent?

The Number of Countries on Each Continent
Continent
Number of Countries
Africa
54 countries
Asia
47 countries
Europe
43 countries
North America
23 countries
Australia and Oceania
14 countries
South America
12 countries
Antarctica
0 countries

Why is Greenland called an island and not a continent?

Though Greenland geologically is a part of the continent of North America it has more cultural and traditional attachment to Europe. Many scientists argue that if a separate tectonic plate is the determinant of a continent and an island then Antarctica should also be an island.
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