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Madhya Pradesh General Knowledge

About Madhya Pradesh

» Madhya Pradesh (MP) (meaning Central Province) is a state in central India.
» Its capital is Bhopal and other large cities are JabalpurGwalior, and Indore.
» Nicknamed the "heart of India" due to its geographical location in India
» Madhya Pradesh is the second-largest state in the country by area.
» With over 75 million inhabitants, it is the fifth-largest state in India by population.
» It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the south-east, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the north-west.
» Its total area is 308,252 km². Before 2000, when Chhattisgarh was a part of Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh was the largest state in India and the distance between the two furthest points inside the state, Singoli and Konta, was 1500 km.
» The area covered by the present-day Madhya Pradesh includes the area of the ancient Avanti mahajanapada, whose capital Ujjain (also known as Avantika) arose as a major city during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE.
» Madhya Pradesh has a 230-seat state legislative assembly.
» The state also sends 40 members to the Parliament of India: 29 are elected to the Lok Sabha (Lower House) and 11 to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House).
» The constitutional head of the state is the Governor, appointed by the President of India.
» The executory powers lie with the Chief Minister, who is the elected leader of the state legislature.

Madhya Pradesh in Brief

MalwaBundelkhandBaghelkhandNimarMahakoshal and Gird (Gird region also includes Chambal division)
1 November 1956
Largest city
 • Governor
Om Prakash Kohli(Addl. charge)
 • Chief Minister
Shivraj Singh Chouhan (BJP)
 • Legislature
Unicameral (230 seats)
 • High Court
Madhya Pradesh High Court Jabalpur
 • State
308,252 km2(119,017 sq mi)
Area rank
Population (2011)
 • State
 • Rank
 • Density
236/km2 (610/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
Time zone
IST (UTC+05:30)
ISD code
ISO 3166 code
0.556 (medium)
72.6% (2011)
Sex ratio
931 (2011)
Official language
The state is bordered on the west by Gujarat, on the north-west by Rajasthan, on the northeast by Uttar Pradesh, on the east by Chhattisgarh, and on the south by Maharashtra.

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