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Madhya Pradesh General Knowledge

About Madhya Pradesh

» Madhya Pradesh (MP) (meaning Central Province) is a state in central India.
» Its capital is Bhopal and other large cities are JabalpurGwalior, and Indore.
» Nicknamed the "heart of India" due to its geographical location in India
» Madhya Pradesh is the second-largest state in the country by area.
» With over 75 million inhabitants, it is the fifth-largest state in India by population.
» It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the south-east, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the north-west.
» Its total area is 308,252 km². Before 2000, when Chhattisgarh was a part of Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh was the largest state in India and the distance between the two furthest points inside the state, Singoli and Konta, was 1500 km.
» The area covered by the present-day Madhya Pradesh includes the area of the ancient Avanti mahajanapada, whose capital Ujjain (also known as Avantika) arose as a major city during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE.
» Madhya Pradesh has a 230-seat state legislative assembly.
» The state also sends 40 members to the Parliament of India: 29 are elected to the Lok Sabha (Lower House) and 11 to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House).
» The constitutional head of the state is the Governor, appointed by the President of India.
» The executory powers lie with the Chief Minister, who is the elected leader of the state legislature.

Madhya Pradesh in Brief

Country
India
Region
MalwaBundelkhandBaghelkhandNimarMahakoshal and Gird (Gird region also includes Chambal division)
Settlement
1 November 1956
Capital
Bhopal
Largest city
Indore
Districts
51
Government
 • Governor
Om Prakash Kohli(Addl. charge)
 • Chief Minister
Shivraj Singh Chouhan (BJP)
 • Legislature
Unicameral (230 seats)
 • High Court
Madhya Pradesh High Court Jabalpur
Area
 • State
308,252 km2(119,017 sq mi)
Area rank
2nd
Population (2011)
 • State
72,597,565
 • Rank
5th
 • Density
236/km2 (610/sq mi)
 • Urban
20,059,666
 • Rural
52,537,899
Time zone
IST (UTC+05:30)
PIN
45xxxx-46xxxx-47xxxx-48xxxx
ISD code
91-07xxx
ISO 3166 code
IN-MP
HDI
0.556 (medium)
Literacy
72.6% (2011)
Sex ratio
931 (2011)
Official language
Hindi
Website
mp.gov.in
The state is bordered on the west by Gujarat, on the north-west by Rajasthan, on the northeast by Uttar Pradesh, on the east by Chhattisgarh, and on the south by Maharashtra.

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