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List of Prime Ministers of India from 1947 to 2014

Prime Minister of India

List of Prime Ministers of India since independence
Prime Minister of India list with photo
» The Prime Minister of India (भारत के प्रधानमन्त्री) is the head of government and leader of the executive branch of the Government of India.
» In India's parliamentary system, the Constitution names the President as head of state de jure, but his or her de facto executive powers are vested in the Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers.
» Appointed and sworn-in by the President, the Prime Minister is usually the leader of the party or alliance that has a majority in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of India's Parliament.
» Prime Minister is also the chief adviser to the President of India and head of the Council of Ministers.
» Prime Minister can be a member of any of the two houses of Parliament (the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha), but has to be the leader of the political party, having a majority in the Lok Sabha
» The federal or union cabinet headed by the Prime Minister is appointed by the President of India to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive.
» Union cabinet is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha as per Article 75(3).
» The Constitution envisions a scheme of affairs in which the President of India is the head of the executive in terms of Article 53 with office of the prime minister as chief of Council of Ministers to assist and advise the president in the discharge of his/her constitutional functions.

The executive powers of the Union shall be vested in the president and shall be exercised either directly or through subordinate officers, in accordance with the Constitution.
Article 53(1), Constitution of India

There shall be a Council of Ministers with the prime minister at the head to aid and advise the president who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice.
Article 74(1), Constitution of India

The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.
Article 75(1), Constitution of India
» Since 1947, India has had fourteen Prime Ministers, fifteen including Gulzarilal Nanda who twice acted in the role.
» The first was Jawaharlal Nehru of the Indian National Congress party, who was sworn-in on 15 August 1947, when India gained independence from the British.
» Serving until his death in May 1964, Nehru remains India's longest-serving prime minister.
» Nehru was succeeded by fellow Congressman Lal Bahadur Shastri, whose 19-month term also ended in death.
» Indira Gandhi, Nehru's daughter, succeeded Shastri in 1966 to become the country's first woman premier.
» Eleven years later, Indira Gandhi was voted out of power in favour of the Janata Party, whose leader Morarji Desai became the first non-Congress prime minister.
» Following is the complete list of prime ministers of India appointed so far

List of Prime Ministers of India (From 1947 to 2017)


Name
(birth–death)
Portrait
Prior Office
Party
(Alliance)
Elected constituency
Term of office
Appointed by

1
Jawaharlal Nehru
(1889–1964)
Jnehru.jpg
Indian freedom fighter
Indian National Congress
Phulpur, Uttar Pradesh
15 August
1947
27 May
1964[†]
16 years, 286 days
Lord Mountbatten

Rajendra Prasad
Gulzarilal Nanda (acting)
(1898–1998)
Gulzarilal-Nanda.jpg
Union Minister of Labour and Employment
Indian National Congress
SabarkanthaGujarat
27 May
1964
9 June
1964
13 days
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

2
Lal Bahadur Shastri
(1904–1966)
Lal Bahadur Shastri (cropped).jpg
Minister of Home Affairs
Indian National Congress
AllahabadUttar Pradesh
9 June
1964
11 January
1966[†]
1 year, 216 days

Gulzarilal Nanda (acting)
(1898–1998)
Gulzarilal-Nanda.jpg
Minister of Home Affairs
Indian National Congress
SabarkanthaGujarat
11 January
1966
24 January
1966
13 days

3
Indira Gandhi
(1917–1984)
Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg
Minister of Information and Broadcasting
Indian National Congress
Rajya SabhaMP for Uttar Pradesh
24 January
1966
24 March
1977
11 years, 59 days

Prime Minister
(Re-elected)
Rae BareliUttar Pradesh

Prime Minister
(Re-elected)
V. V. Giri

4
Morarji Desai
(1896–1995)
Morarji Desai (portrait).png
Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister of India before he resigned in 1969
Janata Party
SuratGujarat
24 March
1977
28 July
1979[RES]
2 years, 126 days
B. D. Jatti
(acting President)

5
Charan Singh
(1902–1987)
Charan Singh (cropped).jpg
Minister of Finance
Janata Party (Secular)
with INC
BaghpatUttar Pradesh
28 July
1979
14 January
1980[RES]
170 days
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

(3)
Indira Gandhi
(1917–1984)
Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg
Former Prime Minister
Indian National Congress (I)
MedakTelangana
14 January
1980[§]
31 October
1984[†]
4 years, 291 days

6
Rajiv Gandhi
(1944–1991)
Rajiv Gandhi (1987).jpg
MP for Amethi
Indian National Congress (I)
AmethiUttar Pradesh
31 October
1984
2 December
1989
5 years, 32 days
Zail Singh

Former Prime Minister
(Re-elected)

7
V. P. Singh
(1931–2008)
V. P. Singh (cropped).jpg
Minister of Defence
Janata Dal
(National Front)
FatehpurUttar Pradesh
2 December
1989
10 November
1990[NC]
343 days
R. Venkataraman

8
Chandra Shekhar
(1927–2007)
Chandra Shekhar (cropped).jpg
MP for Ballia
Samajwadi Janata Party
with INC
BalliaUttar Pradesh
10 November
1990
21 June
1991
223 days

9
P. V. Narasimha Rao
(1921–2004)
P V Narasimha Rao.png
Minister of External Affairs
Indian National Congress (I)
NandyalAndhra Pradesh
21 June
1991
16 May
1996
4 years, 330 days

10
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(born 1924)
Ab vajpayee.jpg
Minister of External Affairs
Bharatiya Janata Party
LucknowUttar Pradesh
16 May
1996
1 June
1996[RES]
16 days
Shankar Dayal Sharma

11
H. D. Deve Gowda
(born 1933)
Deve Gowda BNC.jpg
Chief Minister of Karnataka
Janata Dal
(United Front)
Rajya SabhaMP for Karnataka
1 June
1996
21 April
1997[RES]
324 days

12
Inder Kumar Gujral
(1919–2012)
Inder Kumar Gujral 071.jpg
Minister of External Affairs
Janata Dal
(United Front)
Rajya SabhaMP for Bihar
21 April
1997
19 March
1998
332 days

(10)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(born 1924)
Ab vajpayee.jpg
Former Prime Minister
(Re-elected)
Bharatiya Janata Party
(NDA)
LucknowUttar Pradesh
19 March
1998[§]
22 May
2004
6 years, 64 days
K. R. Narayanan

Former Prime Minister
(Re-elected)

13
Manmohan Singh
(born 1932)
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in WEF ,2009 (cropped).jpg
Minister of Finance
Indian National Congress
(UPA)
Rajya SabhaMP for Assam
22 May
2004
26 May
2014
10 years, 4 days
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Former Prime Minister
(Re-elected)
Pratibha Patil

14
Narendra Modi
(born 1950)
PM Modi Portrait(cropped).jpg
Chief Minister of Gujarat
Bharatiya Janata Party
(NDA)
VaranasiUttar Pradesh
26 May
2014
Incumbent
Incumbent
Pranab Mukherjee

Key
  • №: Incumbent number
  •  Assassinated or died in office
  • § Returned to office after a previous term
  • RES Resigned
  • NC Resigned following a no-confidence motion

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