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Sunday, 8 April 2018

MPSC Answer Key 2018 – Explanation

  By GK Planet Team       Sunday, 8 April 2018

MPSC Answer Key 2018 with Questions for Paper 1

Q.21) At which of the following places was an iron and steel factory not started during the Second Five Year Plan?
  1. Rourkela [Orissa]
  2. Bhilai [Chhattisgarh]
  3. Durgapur [West Bengal]
  4. Bokaro [Jharkhand]
Answer Options :
1) Only a and b
2) Only c
3)  Only d
4) Only a and d
The Second Plan was particularly in the development of the public sector and "rapid Industrialisation". The plan followed the Mahalanobis model, an economic development model developed by the Indian statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in 1953. The plan attempted to determine the optimal allocation of investment between productive sectors in order to maximise long-run economic growth. It used the prevalent state of art techniques of operations research and optimization as well as the novel applications of statistical models developed at the Indian Statistical Institute. The plan assumed a closed economy in which the main trading activity would be centred on importing capital goods.
Hydroelectric power projects and five steel plants at Bhilai, Durgapur, and Rourkela were established with the help of Russia, Britain (the U.K) and West Germany respectively. Coalproduction was increased. More railway lines were added in the north east.
The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and Atomic Energy Commission of India was established as research institutes. In 1957 a talent search and scholarship program was begun to find talented young students to train for work in nuclear power.
The total amount allocated under the Second Five-Year Plan in India was Rs.48 billion. This amount was allocated among various sectors: power and irrigation, social services, communications and transport, and miscellaneous.
"The target growth rate was 4.5% and the actual growth rate was 4.27%."
Q.22) Which of the following is/are not the supply-side factor/s responsible for inflation?
  1. Increase in export
  2. Store
  3. Increase in credit creation
  4. Famine
Answer Options :
1) Only a and b
2) Only c and d
3)  Only d
4) Only c

Q.23) Which of the following factors are not responsible for poverty?
  1. Inflation
  2. Increase in Government expenditure
  3. Deficit Financing
  4. Short savings and Capital formation
Answer Options :
1) Only a and c
2) Only a, c and d
3)  Only b and d
4) Only b and c

Q.24) “Absence of minimum income to get the minimum needs of life” is concerned with which of the following types of poverty?
1) Absolute poverty
2) Relative poverty
3)  Both the above
4) None of the above
Absolute poverty – is a condition where household income is below a necessary level to maintain basic living standards (food, shelter, housing). This condition makes it possible to compare between different countries and also over time.
Q.25) Identify the correct statement/s in context of the Food Security Act, 2013.
  1. It gives legal entitlement of food security to 75% rural and 50% urban population.
  2. A beneficiary will be entitled rice, coarse cereals and wheat @ * 3, * 2 and * 1 per kg per month respectively
Answer Options
1)Both a and b are correct
2) Both a and b are incorrect
3)  Only a is correct
4) Only b is correct

Q.26) What is the percentage of Indian population in the population of the world according to the Indian Census Report, 2011?
1) 16.5 percent
2) 17.3 percent
3)  17.5 percent
4) 17.7 percent

Q.27) Which of the following population policies decide the minimum marriage age as 21 years for males and 18 years for females?
1) National Population Policy, 1976
2) National Population Policy, 1977
3)  National Population Policy, 2000
4) Population Projections [2001 – 2026]

Q.28) Which of the following programmes is/are started by the Government of India for the purpose of ‘Social Security’?
  1. Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana
  2. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana
  3. National Social Assistance Programme
Answer Options :
1) Only a and b
2) Only b and c
3)  Only c
4) All of the above

Q.29) Which of the following factors is/are concerned in the calculation of Green National Income [GNI]?
  1. National Income
  2. Depletion of Natural Resources
  3. Environmental Degradation
Answer Options :
1) Only a and c
2) Only a
3)  Only a and b
4) All of the above

Q.30) Which of the following are measured in Millennium Development Goals [MDGs] ?
  1. Poverty and Hunger
  2. Women’s Empowerment
  3. Environmental Sustainability
  4. Global Partnerships for Development
Answer Options :
1) Only a and b
2) Only c and
3)  Only a, b and c
4) All of the above

Q.31) Which of the following schemes are included in women and child development schemes?
  1. Angawadi Services Scheme
  2. Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Scheme
  3. National Nutrition Mission
  4. Child Protection Scheme
Answer Options :
1) Only a and b
2) Only c and d
3)  Only a, b and c
4) All of the above

Q.32) In any poverty reduction strategy there is a need to incorporate both self-employment and wage employment , because
  1. Self – employment is a major form of employment in rural areas.
  2. Dependence on wage employment will lead to total dependence on the employer.
  3. Otherwise, it will increase the gap between the rich and the poor.
  4. It will strengthen the asset base of the rich.
Answer Options :
1) Only a and b
2) Only b and c
3)  Only c and d
4) All of the above

Q.33) The concept of Human Poverty Index [HPI] was introduced in the
1) Human Development Report, 1990
2) Human Development Report, 1997
3)  Human Development Report, 2001
4) Human Development Report, 2014
The Human Poverty Index (HPI) was an indication of the standard of living in a country, developed by the United Nations (UN) to complement the HumanDevelopment Index (HDI) and was first reported as part of the Human Development Report in 1997.
Q.34) The phenomenal growth of ‘census towns’ is a challenge as these towns
  1. Do not have urban governance structure
  2. Do not have the requisites urban infrastructure
  3. Result out of rapid population growth
Answer Options :
1) a, b and c
2) Only a and b
3)  Only b and c
4) Only a and c

Q.35) Which of the following was the aim of the Twelfth Five Year Plan [2012 – 17]?
1) To achieve economic growth and stable development
2) To achieve faster growth and development
3)  To achieve faster and more inclusive growth
4) To achieve faster, sustainable and more inclusive growth

Q.36) Which of the following describes the Geostationary Orbit [GEO] correctly?
1) Altitude of 20,000 km above the sea level and the orbital period is 12 hours.
2) Altitude of 36,000 km above the sea level and the orbital period is 24 hours
3)  Altitude of 400 km above the sea level and the orbital period is 90 minutes.
4) None of the above

Q.37) In Fresnel’s Biprism, the value of wavelength (λ) depends upon
1) The distance between two coherent sources
2) The fringe width
3)  The distance between slit and eyepiece of telescope
4) All of the above

Q.38) What focal length should the spectacles have for a person for whom the least distance of distinct vision is 50 cm?
1) 50cm, concave
2) 50 cm, convex
3)  25 cm, concave
4) 25 cm, convex

Q.39) A resistor of 10Ω connected across a cell of emf 12V, draws the current of 1.1 A . Find the internal resistance of the cell.
1) 10 Ω
2) 0.1 Ω
3)  10.9 Ω
4) 0.91 Ω

Q.40) Two parallel slits 1 millimeter apart are placed 1 meter away from the screen. What is the fringe separation due to interference effect, when a beam of wavelength 500 nanometres is incident on them?
1) 5.0 mm
2) 0.5 mm
3)  5.0 cm
4) 0.05 mm
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